Endocrine System

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Author:
axe3650
ID:
43654
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Endocrine System
Updated:
2010-10-20 04:30:11
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  1. adenogenous
    originating in a gland

    • aden/o (gland)
    • -genous (originating)
    • (ad-eh-NAW-jeh-nuhs)
  2. adenohypophysis
    the anterior pituitary gland

    • aden/o (gland)
    • hypophys/o (pituitary gland)
    • (Ad-eh-noh-hy-POFF-ih-sihs)
  3. adrenal glands; adrenal cortex, adrenal medulla
    • two glands, one located at the top of each kidney
    • adrenal cortex is the outer portion, adrenal medulla is the inner portion

    • adren/o (adrenal glands)
    • cortex (L. bark); medulla (L. marrow, innermost part)
    • (ah-DREE-nahl)
  4. adrenaline
    • synonym for epinephrine
    • secreted from the adrenal medulla

    • adren/o (adrenal glands)
    • -ine (suffix used to form names of chemical substances)
    • (ad-DREN-ah-lihn)
  5. adrenocorticotrophic (ACTH)
    pituitary secretion that stimulates the adrenal glands

    • cortic/o (cortex-"bark")
    • Gr. trophe (nourishment)
    • -in (suffix used to form names of biochemical substances)
    • (ah-DREE-oh-KOR-tih-ko-TROH-pik)
  6. androgen
    male hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex

    • andro- (masculine)
    • -gen (suffix meaning "precursor of")
    • (An-droh-jen)
  7. aldosterone
    one of the corticosteroids, hormones produced by the adrenal glands

    • ald (ehyd) + ster(ol) + -one (chemical offix)
    • (al-DOSS-teh-rone)
  8. antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland to prevent the kidneys from expelling too much water

    • anti- (against)
    • Gr. dia (through)
    • -uresis (urination)
    • (AN-tee-dy-uh-RET-ik)
  9. calcitonin (CT)
    hormone secreted by the thyroid to prevent too much calcium from absorbing into the bones

    • calci- (calcium)
    • Gr. tonos (to stretch)
    • -in (suffix used to form names of biochemical substances)
    • (kal-sih-TOH-nihn)
  10. corticosteroids
    steroid produced by the cortices of the adrenal glands, cortisol

    • cortic/o (L. cortex "bark")
    • Steros (solid)
    • -oid (resemblance to)
    • (KOR-tih-ko-STEHR-oyds)
  11. endocrine
    adjective describing a gland that delivers its secretions directly into the blood stream

    • endo- (within, inner)
    • Gr. krino (to separate)
    • (EN-doh-krin)
  12. epinephrine
    synonym for adrenaline, secreted from the adrenal medulla

    • epi- (upon)
    • nephr/o (kidney)
    • -ine (suffix used to form the name of chemical substances)
    • (Ep-ih-NEFF-rihn)
  13. estrogen
    one of two hormones secreted by the ovaries

    • Gr. oistrus (estrus)
    • -gen (producing)
    • (EHS-troh-jen)
  14. exocrine
    adjective describing a gland that delivers its secretions through a duct onto the skin or other epithelial surface

    • exo- (outside of)
    • Gr. krino (to separate)
    • (EX-oh-krihn)
  15. glucagon
    hormone secreted by the pancreas

    • gluc/o (glucose)
    • Gr. ago (to lead)
    • (GLOO-ka-guhn)
  16. gonadotropin (FSH)
    follicle-stimulating hormone; hormone promoting gonadal growth

    • Gr. gone (seed)
    • Gr. trophe (nourishment)
    • -in (suffix used to form names of biochemical substances)
    • (GO-nad-oh-TROH-pin)
  17. gonadotropin (ICSH)
    • interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
    • hormone promoting gonadal growth in the male

    Gr. gone (seed); Gr. trophe (nourishment); -in (suffix used to form names of biochemical substances)
  18. gonadotropin (LH)
    • luteinizing hormone
    • stimulates ovulation

    Gr. gone (seed); Gr. trophe (nourishment); -in (suffix used to form names of biochemical substances)
  19. hormone
    chemical messenger that is secreted by an endocrine gland directly into the bloodstream

    • Gr. hormao (to rouse or to set in motion)
    • (HOHR-mohn)
  20. hydrocortisone
    • an adrenal gland hormone secretion
    • hydro- (water)
    • cortic/o (Gr. cortex "bark)
    • -one (chemical suffix)
    • (hy-droh-KOR-tih-sone)
  21. hypophysis
    synonym for pituitary gland

    • hypophys/o (pituitary gland)
    • (hy-POFF-ih-sihs)
  22. insulin
    one of two hormones produced in the pancreas

    • L. insula (island)
    • (IN-soo-lihn)
  23. islets of Langerhans
    clusters of specialized cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin

    • after German pathologist Paul Langerhans, who described it in 1869
    • islets are the regions of the pancreas that contain its hormone-producing cells
    • (EYE-lets LAN-gehr-hans)
  24. melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
    hormone secreted from the anterior pituitary gland

    • melan/o (black)
    • -cyte (cell)
    • Gr. hormao (to rouse or set in motion)
    • (MEL-an-oh-syte)
  25. melatonin
    hormone secreted by the pineal gland

    • melanophore + Gr. tonos (to stretch)
    • -in (suffix used to form names of biochemical substances)
    • (mel-ah-TONE-ihn)
  26. neurohypophysis
    synonym for posterior pituitary gland

    • neur/o (nerve)
    • hypophys/o (pituitary gland)
    • (NUHR-oh-hy-POFF-ih-sihs)
  27. noradrenaline
    synonym for norepinephrine; secreted from the adrenal medulla

    • nor- (chemical prefix)
    • adrenal/o (adrenal glands)
    • -ine (suffix used to denote chemical substances)
    • (nor-ah-DREN-ah-lihn)
  28. norepinephrine
    synonym for noradrenaline; secreted from the adrenal medulla

    • nor- (chemical prefix); -ine (suffix used to denote chemical substances)
    • epi- (upon)
    • Gr. nephros (kidney)
    • (NOR-ehp-ih-NEFF-rihn)
  29. ovaries
    female gonads; two oval-shaped glands that are located in the pelvic cavity

    • L. ovum (egg)
    • (OH-vayr-ees)
  30. oxytocin (OT)
    hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland

    • Gr. oxytokos (swift birth)
    • -in (suffix used to form names of biochemical substances)
    • (ox-ih-TOH-sihn)
  31. pancreas
    feather-shaped organ that lies posterior to the stomach

    • Gr. pancreas (sweetbread)
    • (PAN-kree-uhs)
  32. parathyroid gland
    secretes parathyroid hormone (PTH)

    • para- (prefix denoting involvement of two like parts; also denoting adjacent, alongside, near)
    • thry/o (thyroid gland)
    • (pahr-ah-THY-royd)
  33. parathyroid hormone; parathormone (PTH)
    hormone secreted by the parathyroid gland

    • para- (prefix denoting involvement of two like parts; also denoting adjacent, alongside, near)
    • thry/o (thyroid gland)
    • Gr. hormao (to set in motion)
  34. pineal gland
    gland that secretes melatonin, an antioxidant that is otherwise not well understood

    • L. pinus (pine)
    • -al (adjective ending)
    • (PIHN-ee-ahl)
  35. pituitary gland
    • synonym for hypophysis
    • master gland

    • L. pituita
    • (pih-TOO-ih-tahr-ee)
  36. progesterone
    one of two female hormones secreted by the ovary

    • L. pro (for)
    • L. gestare (to carry about)
    • (proh-JES-ter-ohn)
  37. prolactin (PRL)
    a secretion of the anterior pituitary gland

    • L. pro (for)
    • L. lacteus (milky)
    • (pro-LAK-tihn)
  38. suprarenal glands
    another name for the adrenal glands

    • supra- (above)
    • ren- (kidney)
    • -al (pertaining to)
    • (SOO-prah-REEN-ahl)
  39. testes
    male gonads; two oval organs that lie in the scrotum

    • L. plural form of testis (testicle)
    • (TES-tees)
  40. testosterone
    male hormone secreted by the testes

    • L. testis (testicle)
    • ster(ol)
    • -one (chemical suffix)
    • (teh-STAH-steh-rone)
  41. thyroid gland
    one of the four glands belonging solely to the endocrine system; located n the throat area

    • thyr/o (thyroid gland)
    • (THY-royd)
  42. thyrotropin (TSH)
    thyroid-stimulating hormone

    • thyr/o (thyroid gland)
    • Gr. trophe (nourishment)
    • -in (suffix used to form names of biochemical substances)
    • (thy-ROT-roh-pihn)
  43. thyroxine
    a secretion of the thyroid gland

    • thyr/o (thyroid gland)
    • -ine (suffix used to form names of biochemical substances)
    • (thy-ROK-sihn) (T[4])

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