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At the beginning of the civil war, what was the white ration of northerners to southeners?
how many people did the norht have at the beginning of the war?
What was the population of the southeners at the beginning of the war?
The north produced hardware how many times faster than the south?
500 times faster
What was the Norths percentage ration to the souths concerning industrial output?
what was the ratio in railroad miles between the south and north?
what did the north have a 2:1 advantage in?
what did the south have to do to get their independence?
wait until the north gave up
what made the south hard to conquer?
the south was 750,000 sq miles
what made the south fight more fanatically that the north?
the battles were in the southener states and the men knew that if they were to lose there families and farms would be ransacked
What did the south have better at the beginningof the war?
soldiers and commanders
Robert E. Lee was...
- very daring and dashing commander
- brilliant strategist
- great leader of men
- men believed in him and would do anything for him
What kept the union together during the first two years of the war?
- Lincolns fortitude and leadership.
- he wanted to preserve the union
What did the south the war was over?
what was the most important state rights to the south?
What states were the original confederacy?
- South Carolina
What four states joined the confederates after it was all said and done to make up the 11 states of the Confederates?
North Carolina, Tennesee, Arkansas, and Virginia (which brought Robert E. Lee and The Tredegar iron works)
what two states remained neutral?
Kentucky and missouri
What was Scotts Anaconda Plan
through blockades, squeeze the south inot econmic submission
why did Lincoln not go for the Anaconda Strategy?
it was time consuming and Lincoln believed they did not have a lot of time
What were the two "theaters" of war?
- the west which was the area west of the Appalachian mountains
- the east which was primaryily virginia
What battle occured in July 1861
First Battle of Bullrun.
Who was in charge of the two armies at the First Battle of Bullrun?
- McDowell for the Army of Potomac
- Beauregard for the Confederates
No heavy fighting occured in the Civil War until...
spring of 1862
What two forts did Ulysses S. Grant capture in spring of 1862?
Forts Henry and Donelson
what battle occured in April 1862?
battle of shiloh
what happend at the Battle of Shiloh?
confederate army took grant by suprise but grants calmness helped him and he had the confederates retreating by nightfall
how many casualties did Grants army suffer at the battle of Shiloh?
it was said that....
more men died that day than the total war itself
Who did Lincoln replace McDowell with?
George B. McClellan
What would McClellan not do?
he would not engage the south in battle
who did Lincoln replace McClennan with?
What happened at the 2nd Battle of Bull Run?
Lee and his army beet Pope's army
who does Lincoln replace Pope with after the 2nd battle of bull run?
What does Lee do for the first time after the 2nd battle of bull run
he invades Union territory and enters Maryland
What battle was on September 17, 1862?
battle of antietam
How many casualties occured during the battle of antietam?
- evenly split between the two sides
Who replaced McClellan after he failed to follow Lee as he retreated to Virginia?
What did Lincoln issue on September22, 1862? and when did it go into effect?
- Emancipation Proclamation
- January 1st, 1863
What did the Emancipation Proclamation say?
- freed all slaves in areas in rebellion to the Union
- kept the british from recognizing the confederacy as a nation
How many Blacks served in the Union Army by the end of the warr?
Who was Burnside replaced with and why?
- Joe Hooker
- because Burnside made a bad decision in Fredricksburg, Virginia and it cost him 12,000 men
What two places surrendered to Grant whithin 5 days of eachother? what was the significance of these?
- Vicksburg and Port Hudson
- the Mississippi River is not in Union control.
What did the south refer to the war as? and why?
"rich man's war and a poor man's fight" and because rich people could buy there way out of the draft
What battle was considered to be the fourth largest in the civil war?
Battle of Gettysburg
What battle was on July 3, 1863? what was its consequences/
- Picketts charge
- pickett lost half of his men
- Lee lost 25,000
- Meade lost 23,000
what was the significance of picketts charge?
1st time Lee had been defeated in battle
What was Grants strategic plan for him and Sherman?
- Sherman attack Atlanta, Georgia and move up to Virginia
- Grant attack Richmond, Viginia and move south to Atlanta.
In the west whoo was fighting? and where?
- Confederated led by Joseph E. Johnston
- Union William Tecumseh Sherman
- battle cas at Kennesaw Mountain, north georgia.
The battle of the wilderness was between who? who won?
- Grant vs Lee
- Grant had a 2:1 people advantage
- last 2 years
- Lee made Grant move south
where was Lee and Grants confrontation right after battle of wilderness?
WHere does Lee set himself up behind srtrong positions?
Cold Harbor, 9 miles from Richmond
What did grant admit was his worst mistake of the war?
how long did it take for lee to wipe out _____ men?
One historian said that the union army
had been bled white.
Who ran against Lincoln in the 1864 election?
George B. McClellan