Chapter 10

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Adriclark
ID:
43735
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Chapter 10
Updated:
2010-10-20 13:56:33
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Musculoskeletal system
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Medical Terminology
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  1. adduction
    toward body
  2. abduction
    away from
  3. flexion
    decrease angle
  4. extension
    increase angle
  5. rotation
    move around
  6. pronation
    palm down
  7. supination
    palm up
  8. inversion
    foot inward
  9. eversion
    foot outward
  10. dorsiflexion
    elevate foot
  11. plantar flexion
    lower foot
  12. ankyl/o
    stiffness
  13. arthr/o
    joint
  14. kyph/o
    humpback
  15. lamin/o
    lamina
  16. lord/o
    curve, swayback
  17. myel/o
    bone marrow
  18. orth/o
    straight
  19. oste/o
    bone
  20. ped/o
    ped/i
    • foot
    • child
  21. scoli/o
    crooked
  22. thorac/o
    chest
  23. brachi/o
    arm
  24. calcane/o
    calcaneum (heel bone)
  25. carp/o
    carpus (wrist bone)
  26. cephal/o
    head
  27. cervic/o
    neck
  28. clavicul/o
    clavicle (collar bone)
  29. cost/o
    ribs
  30. crani/o
    cranium (skull)
  31. femor/o
    femur (thigh bone)
  32. fibul/o
    fibula (sm bone of lower leg)
  33. humer/o
    humerus (upper arm bone)
  34. ili/o
    ilium (hip bone)
  35. ischi/o
    ischium (lower portion hip bone)
  36. lumb/o
    loins
  37. metacarp/o
    metacarpus (hand bone)
  38. metatars/o
    metatarsus (foot bone)
  39. patell/o
    patella (kneecap)
  40. pelv/o
    pelvis
  41. phalang/o
    phalanges (finger & toe bones)
  42. pod/o
    foot
  43. pub/o
    pelvis bone
  44. radi/o
    radius
  45. spondyl/o
    vertebr/o
    vertebrae
  46. stern/o
    sternum (breast bone)
  47. tibi/o
    tibia (lg lower leg bone)
  48. muscul/o
    my/o
    muscle
  49. chondr/o
    cartilage
  50. fasci/o
    fascia
  51. fibr/o
    fiber
  52. synov/o
    synovial membrane
  53. ten/o
    tend/o
    tendin/o
    tendon
  54. asthenia
    weakness
  55. blast
    embryonic cell
  56. clasia
    surgical fracture
  57. clast
    to break
  58. desis
    binding (bone or joint)
  59. malacia
    softening
  60. physis
    growth
  61. porosis
    porous
  62. scopy
    visual examination
  63. a
    without
  64. dys
    difficult
  65. sub
    below
  66. supra
    above
  67. syn
    union, together, joined
  68. ankyl-osis
    • stiffness
    • abnormal condition
  69. claudication
    limping
  70. contracture
    connective tissue that prevents normal mobility
  71. electro-my/o-graphy
    • electric
    • muscle
    • process of recording
  72. hem-arthr-osis
    • blood
    • joint
    • abnormal condition
  73. hypo-ton-ia
    • deficient
    • tension
    • condition
  74. myel-oma
    • bone marrow
    • tumor
  75. phantom limb
    perceived sensation, that limb still exixts
  76. prosthesis
    replacement of missing extremity (leg, arm)
  77. spondyl-osis
    • vertebrae
    • abnormal condition
  78. sprain
    tearing of ligament tissue
  79. strain
    (over stretch) exert physical force resulting in injury
  80. subluxation
    dislocation
  81. arthr/o-graphy
    • join
    • process of recording
  82. myel/o-graphy
    • bone marrow, spinal cord
    • process of recording
  83. reduction
    restore bone to normal position
  84. closed
    manipulation rather than surgery
  85. open
    treat bone fractures using surgery
  86. traction
    use weights to align
  87. amputation
    removal of extremity
  88. arth/o-centesis
    • joint
    • surgical puncture
  89. arthr/o-clasia
    • joint
    • to break, surgical fracture
  90. arthr/o-scopy
    • joint
    • visual examination
  91. burs-ectomy
    • bursa
    • excision
  92. lamin-ectomy
    • lamina
    • excision
  93. synov-ectomy
    • synocial membrane
    • removal, excision
  94. total hip replacement
    replacement hip joint

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