Physiological psych Test 2
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Physiological psych Test 2
Physiological psychology Test biological psychology
40 questions from Geisler's physiological psychology Test 2
What is the shape of the receptive field to which a simple cell in the primary visual cortex responds
bar in a particular orientation
Why does the periphery of the retina detect faint lights better than the fovea does?
More receptors converge their input onto each bipolar cell.
Initially, researchers determined how many types of receptors we have for determining color:
by developing a trichromatic spectrometer.
The name of the point at which the optic nerve leaves the retina is called the:
Color constancy depends on which part of the nervous system?
area V4 of the occipital lobe
Which of the following is TRUE according to the law of specific nerve energies?
Any stimulation of the auditory nerve is perceived as sound.
The visual path in the parietal cortex is referred to as the:
The one additional feature that hypercomplex cells have that complex cells don't is:
hypercomplex cells have a strong inhibitory area at one end of it's receptive field.
Which cell responds most strongly to a stimulus moving perpendicular to its axis?
Stereoscopic depth perception requires the brain to detect:
Ganglion cells near the fovea in humans and other primates are called _________ ganglion cells.
How do the receptive fields of the inferior temporal cortex compare to those of the primary visual cortex?
They are sensitive to larger more complicated patterns.
If we compare the receptive fields of two simple cells in the primary visual cortex, chosen at random, in what way are they most likely to differ?
orientation (angle) of a line that they respond to.
What type of cell responds to a pattern of light in a particular orientation anywhere within its large receptive field, regardless of the exact location of the stimulus?
Various types of _____ cells refine the input to ganglion cells, enabling them to respond specifically to shapes, movement, or other visual features.
Damage to the magnocellular pathway would most likely lead to the loss of:
A man has suffered brain damage that has left him unable to recognize the faces of his wife and children, although he can identify them by their voices. What is his condition?
_______ are chemicals that release energy when struck by light.
Color perception depends MOSTLY on the:
According to the trichromatic theory of color vision:
our perception of color depends on the relative activity of three types of cones.
Magnocellular cells are to _____ as parvocellular cells are to _______
In th case of blindsight, losing conscious visual perception would most likely be associated with:
loss of visual imagination
Cortical area ____ appears to be where conscious visual perception occurs.
Which of the following characterizes the fovea?
It has the greatest perception of detail.
The retinas of predatory birds such as hawks:
have a greater density of receptors than do humans on the top half of the retina
The pathway associated with integrating vision and movement progresses from the occipital cortex to the:
Visual information from the lateral geniculate area goes to the:
primary visual cortex
Blindsight refers to:
the ability to localize visual objects within an apparently blind visual field.
An inability to recognize objects despite otherwise satisfactory vision is called:
When individuals with intact brains recognize faces, activity:
increases in the fusiform gyrus
People with motion blindness probably have suffered damage to the:
Once information is sent to the secondary visual cortex it:
may return to the primary visual cortex
In the human retina, messages go from receptors at the back of the eye to ______.
To what does "shape consistency" refer?
We can recognize objects even at different orientations.
The ability that you have to determine that your eyes are moving instead of the room that you are in, is a function of which brain area?
_____ modify the _____ sensitivity to different wavelengths of light?
The primary visual cortex is also known as the:
Which theory emphasizes the idea that color vision depends on the relative responses of 3 kinds of cones?
Young-Helmholtz theory (trichromatic theory)
When cells in the middle temporal cortex respond to visual stimuli, their response depends mostly on the:
speed and direction of movement
In comparison to the rods, cones are more:
sensitive to detail