SAT VOCAB midterm

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SAT VOCAB midterm
2010-10-20 21:18:21

sat vocab
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  1. august
    • (adj)
    • marked by grandeur and awe
    • The coronation of the queen was an august occasion that was full of pomp and circumstance.
  2. ancillary
    • (adj)
    • subsidiary; providing assistance
    • The senior executive of the firm hired an ancillary worker to do his filing and typing
  3. semblance
    • (noun)
    • an outward likeness in form or appearance
    • The suspect's alibi was only a partial semblance of the truth.
  4. autodidact
    • (noun)
    • a self-taught person
    • With accomplishments in law, politics, and literature, Abe Lincoln is perhaps the most famous autodidact in American history.
  5. asinine
    • (adj)
    • exhibiting poor judgment or intelligence
    • Jonah revealed his asinine tendencies when he rudely insulted the rabbi
  6. albeit
    • (conj.)
    • although; even though
    • It was rainy and miserable all summer, albeit good for the crops.
  7. conduit
    • (noun)
    • a means by which something is transmitted
    • The telephone wire must be plugged into the conduit for the computer to connect to the Internet
  8. philatelist
    • (noun)
    • one who collects stamps
    • As a prominent philatelist, Dr. James has over ten thousand stamps in his collection.
  9. indefatigable
    • (adj)
    • tireless; incapable of being fatigued
    • Dave was so passionate about his work that he seemed almost indefatigable to the rest of the group
  10. martyr
    • (noun) one who suffers or sacrifices for a cause
    • Martin Luther King Jr. became a martyr for the civil rights movement when an assassin killed him.
  11. indiscretion
    • (noun)
    • a minor misdeed
    • If it is scandalous enough, a single indiscretion can cost a politician his or her career
  12. osmosis
    • (noun)
    • a gradual, often unconscious, process of absorption
    • Living in a foreign country allowed Jerry to learn its language by osmosis
  13. picayune
    • (adj) of very little value; trivial
    • Mike's picayune collection of toy trucks had more sentimental value than the few dollars it would get at auction
  14. dossier
    • (noun)
    • a file of detailed information on a person or subject
    • The police had a large dossier on the man accused of the theft
  15. behest
    • (noun)
    • a command or urgent request
    • Tyler grudgingly obeyed his mother's behest to come home early after the school dance.
  16. insouciant
    • (adj)
    • not concert; free from care
    • Jenna's insouciant attitude made her easy to befriend
  17. static
    • (adj)
    • without force or movement; stationary
    • The old truck remained static in the front yard because it was out of gasoline
  18. stipulate
    • (verb)
    • to specify a required part of an agreement
    • The developer stipulated that before construction could begin, the homeowners must first provide a down payment.
  19. zeitgeist
    • (noun) the general spirit of the time
    • Some consider the zeitgeist of the 1960's to be one of moral decay, while others see it as a time of reform
  20. proliferate
    • (verb) to grow or reproduce rapidly
    • The plant food enabled Bob's irises to proliferate throughout the flower bed.
  21. tenet
    • (noun)
    • a belief or principle held to be true
    • Belief in the Holy Trinity is one of the main tenets of Christianity
  22. ruminate
    • (verb)
    • to think deeply or repeatedly
    • The great philosopher could often be found ruminating over the questions of humanity
  23. vigilant
    • (adj)
    • alert at all times; watchful
    • The family;s watchdog remained vigiland during the day, but fell into a deep sleep at night
  24. dissident
    • (noun)
    • someone who disagrees
    • The dissidents of the proposed welfare bill staged a protest
  25. petulant
    • (adj)
    • rude in speech or behavior; peevish
    • Mike's petulant remarks toward his boss earned him a demotion and a cut in pay
  26. derivative
    • (noun)
    • not the original; coming from another source
    • The modern English word 'engine'' is a derivative of the Latin word ''ingenium''
  27. accolade
    • (noun)
    • an award or honor
    • The reporter received accolade for her newest article that uncovered a serious money-laundering scandal.
  28. demur
    • (verb)
    • to disapprove or to take exception
    • Martin demurred when Sandy suggested that they spend Friday evening at the ballet.
  29. limpid
    • (adj)
    • transparent; clear
    • The warm, limpid waters of the Aegean Sea provide excellent snorkeling opportunities
  30. invidious
    (adj) tending to cause discontent, harm, or resentment; offensively unfiar
  31. mellifluous
    • (adj)
    • having a rich,smoothly flowing sound
    • The singer's mellifluous voice contributed to the relaxed atmosphere of the lounge
  32. epicurean
    • (adj)
    • taking pleasure in food and drink
    • The epicurean chef taught his student not only how to cook food, but also how to enjoy it.
  33. oeuvre
    • (noun)
    • the complete work of an artist\

    Shakespeare's oeuvre is one of the most repeated groups of literary works ever written
  34. arbiter
    • (noun)
    • a person with the ability to resolve a disagreement; a judge
    • The principle ended the conflict by acting as an arbiter between the two angry students.
  35. verdant
    • (adj)
    • fresh and green, referring to plant life
    • The verdant landscape reminded the O'Connells of their native Ireland so much that they decided to build a home there.
  36. vagary
    • (noun)
    • unpredictable action or behavior
    • Kristin;s vagaries prevented her from holding a job as an air traffic controller
  37. vacuous
    • (adj)
    • lacking intelligence
    • The student's vacuous expression revealed his failure to study for the test
  38. attrition
    • (noun)
    • a wearing down over time
    • The company faced a severe attrition of its stock price because of the bad publicity.
  39. archetype
    • (noun) a prototype or original model
    • The archetype for the first airplane was only a toy model, but it has led modern jets and supersonic planes
  40. approbation
    • (noun)
    • formal approval of an act
    • The president gave his approbation for the rescue of ten citizens who were being held hostage at a foreign embassy.
  41. burgeon
    • (verb)
    • to grow, expand, or bloom
    • Increased colonization caused the island city to burgeon
  42. commensurate
    • (adj)
    • an equal measure; corresponding in size and measurement
    • Thought Margie and Liz attended different universities, they received commensurate educations.
  43. coup
    • (noun)
    • a surprising, brilliant, and usually successful act
    • The rebels planned a coup to overthrow the current Prime Minister and install a new leader
  44. secular
    • (adj)
    • not spiritual or religious; worldly
    • Many religions warn of the dangers of the secular world because they believe it is full of sin
  45. impregnable
    • (adj)
    • not able to be conquered; impenetrable
    • The Greek warriors were unable to conquer the impregnable Trojan fortress
  46. xenophobia
    • (noun)
    • an intense dislike or fear of strangers or foreigners
    • Tim's xenophobia gave him an unwarranted hatred for immigrants coming to America
  47. inherent
    • (adj)
    • essential
    • Exhaust and air-pollution are inherent features and drawbacks of the automobile
  48. irreverent
    • (adj)
    • disrespectful
    • John's irreverent attitude toward his pastor embarrassed and angered his mother
  49. subjugate
    • (verb)
    • to dominate, conquer, or bring under control
    • Plantation owners subjugated their slaves and forced them to do manual labor
  50. expedite
    • (verb)
    • to increase the rate of progress
    • More construction workers were brought on to the project to help expedite the construction of the new bridge
  51. filibuster
    • (verb)
    • to attempt to block a bill from becoming law by speaking at length against it
    • the Senator from Mississippi gave an eight-hour speech to filibuster the new tax bill
  52. pristine
    • (adj)
    • pure; completely clean and uncontaminated
    • The vast, pristine wilderness of northern Alaska is too cold and remote for most people to inhabit
  53. pithy
    • (adj)
    • full meaning; concise
    • The pithy statements in greeting cards are often short and sweet
  54. invective
    • (noun)
    • an insult or abuse in speech
    • Scott's invective, aimed at his teacher, resulted in an immediate trip to the principal's office
  55. prodigal
    • (adj)
    • reckless, wasteful, and extravagant
    • The prodigal actor was notorious for his lavish, excessive, and unruly lifestyle.
  56. pliable
    • (adj)
    • easily bent or flexible
    • NASA had to devise a new, more pliable spacesuit for astronauts working on the space station
  57. torpid
    • (adj)
    • losing motion, feeling or power; lacking in energy
    • The sleeping gas caused the hero's mind to become torpid
  58. tenuous
    • (adj)
    • not dense or thick; having little substance
    • Even though it was published, the dissertation put forth a very tenuous theory on intelligence
  59. discordant
    • (adj)
    • being in disagreement
    • The angry and discordant voices echoed throughout the conference room
  60. circumspect
    • (adj)
    • careful;heedful;attentive to all points
    • Although I tried to be circumspect when packing for camp, I never guessed that I should have packed an extra clock
  61. zephyr
    • (noun)
    • a gentle breeze (sometimes specifically the West Wind)
    • A sweet-smelling zephyr ruffled the laundry on the line
  62. renegade
    • (noun)
    • one who deserts one side in favor of another; traitor; outlaw
    • the members of the old party called him a renegade; the members of his new party called him a patriot
  63. retribution
    • (noun) something justly deserved
    • , especially a punishment
    • The boys had to spend the weekend picking up litter in retribution for having spray-painted graffiti on the bus
  64. hurtle
    • (verb)
    • to move or to fling swiftly and with great force
    • The big fullback hurtled his way through the defensive line and scored the winning touchdown
  65. scourage
    • (noun)
    • a person or thing that causes great trouble or misfortune
    • Cancer remains one of the worst scourges of mankind
  66. caustic
    • (adj)
    • biting; stingingly sharp or sarcastic
    • Because of his caustic comments, his wife finally left him.
  67. tactiturn
    • (adj)
    • not fond of talking; usually silent
    • We were amazed when the taciturn young man signed up for public speaking
  68. agnostic
    • (noun)
    • one who believes that the existence of God can neither be proved nor disproved
    • Although he did not officially believe in god, the agnostic sometimes prayed ''just in case''
  69. terse
    • (adj)
    • brief and to the point
    • Julia didn't give me any details about her break-up, just a terse, ''it's over.''
  70. uncanny
    • (adj)
    • weird; strange; so keen or acute as to seem bizarre
    • Tess had an uncanny memory for details; she knew exactly what she had worn on any given day for the past eleven years
  71. exodus
    • (noun)
    • a mass departure or emigration
    • The many defeated tribes made a speedy exodus from the war-torn valley
  72. penitent
    • (adj)
    • remorseful; sorry for having done wrong
    • Seeing the boy's penitent expression, the judge was easier on him than he might otherwise have been.
  73. vindicate
    • (verb)
    • to clear of suspicious or accusations.
    • Darren sued for libel in order to vindicate his reputation
  74. raillery
    • (noun)
    • good-humored ridicule or teasing
    • James much prefers Carson's raillery to the cynical slur of other comedians
  75. pique
    • (verb)
    • to cause resentment; to provoke
    • The old gentleman was piqued because he was not given a seat at the head table
  76. linguistics
    • (noun)
    • the scientific study of the structure sounds, and meaning of language
    • /the professor of linguistics explained how English evolved from a number of languages.
  77. plebeian
    • (noun)
    • a commoner; one from the lower class
    • (adj) common or vulgar

    • NOUN: Seniors treated the freshman as though they were plebeians
    • ADJ: The baroness refused to do the plebeian chores of cooking and cleaning.
  78. precocious
    • (adj)
    • showing early development, especially mental
    • Anthony was such a precocious three-year-old that he could already play the violin well.
  79. predatory
    • (adj)
    • inclined to prey on others
    • The buzzard is scavenger, but the hawk is predatory animal
  80. prowess
    • (noun)
    • superior skill or ability
    • Ty's physical prowess was matched by his superior mental ability
  81. pugnacious
    • (adj)
    • eager and ready to fight; quarrelsome
    • Because he was so pugnacious, he had few friends.
  82. purloin
    • (verb)
    • to steal
    • They had not planned to purloin the jewels, but the temptation was too great.
  83. pusillanimous
    • (adj)
    • cowardly; fearful
    • The Wizard of Oz granted the pusillanimous lion his wish to have courage.
  84. quell
    • (verb)
    • to put an end to; to allay or quiet
    • The police were called in to quell the riot
  85. quixotic
    • (adj)
    • very idealistic; impractical; caught up in romantic notions
    • As a young man, he had the quixotic notion that he could single-handedly end poverty in the country.
  86. rabble
    • (noun)
    • a disorderly crowd, a mob
    • The guards had to protect the president from the rabble in the streets
  87. rabid
    • (adj)
    • raging; fanatical
    • After working out, Chrissy had a rabid thirst and drank two gallons of water.
  88. reconteur
    • (noun)
    • a person skilled at telling stories
    • An exceptional raconteur, Lorna held the whole audience spellbound with her stories.
  89. vindictive
    • (adj)
    • seeking revenge; bearing a grudge
    • Out of some vindictive urge, Steve slashed his ex-girlfriend's tires.