Psychology: Chapter 1

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monikaramzy
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43856
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Psychology: Chapter 1
Updated:
2010-10-20 20:54:03
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Psychology Psychology Chapter
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Psychology Chapter 1
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  1. Physiological Psychology
    behaviour resulting from an organism's physiology
  2. Comparative Psychology
    Studies the behaviours of different species and compares it with humans
  3. Behaviour Analysis
    studies behaviours as a reaction to the environment
  4. Behaviour Genetics
    studies how genes affect behaviour
  5. Cognitive Psychology
    studies mental processes (usually independent of physiology)
  6. Developmental Psychology
    studies development (esp.childhood) and its effects on behaviour
  7. Social Psychology
    studies the effect others have on individuals
  8. Personality Psychology
    studies individual differences and patterns in behaviour (both genetic and environmental causes)
  9. Evolutionary Psychology
    explains behaviour as a result of evolution - looks at how adaptive advantages brought about human behaviour
  10. Cross-Cultural Psychology
    studies how culutre affects behaviour
  11. Clinical Psychology
    studies psychological disorders
  12. Animism
    attributing phsyical laws to will and giving inanimate objects animation
  13. Rene Decartes
    • believed in rationalism: the pursuit of truth through knowledge
    • believed our bodies were like machines, governed by physical laws
    • believed in a mind seperate from the body (dualism) - believed muscles worked by a hydraulic system
    • believed body and mind were connected somehow (pineal body)

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