Card Set Information

2010-10-20 21:37:35
P2 Test

Endocrine and Lymphatic systen test
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  1. Thymus Gland
    • Location: Upper anterior part of the thorax, above the heart.
    • Function: Produce T-lymphocytes
  2. Peyer's patches
    • Location: Found in the walls of the small intestines
    • Functions: Detect and respond to foreign matter found in the gstrointestinal tract; provide a significant defense against ingested pathogens
  3. Lymph Nodes
    • -Filter and cleanse the the lymph before entering the blood
    • -Produce lymphocytes
  4. Immune
    Protected from or resistant to a disease or infection by a pathogenic organism as a result of the developement of antibodies or cell-mediated immunity
  5. Lymphangitis
    Inflammation of the lymphatic vessels draining a body part that is inflammed or infected
  6. Parts of the lymphatic system
    • Lymph
    • Lymph vessels
    • Lymph nodes
    • Tonsils
    • Spleen
    • Thymus Gland
  7. Lymph
    • Difuses from capillaries into the tissue spaces
    • Simillar in composition to blood plasma
  8. Spleen
    • Location: Upper Left Quadrant
    • Function: Produces lymphocytes and monocytes; acts as a resevior for clood in case of emergency
  9. Names for Lymph
    • Interstitial Fluid
    • Tissue Fluid
  10. Lymph flow to the heart
    Lymph travels from nodes--> Small lymphatics--> Larger lymphatics--> to thoracic duct/ right lymphatic duct--> right or left subclavian--> superior vena cava-->RA
  11. Tonsils
    • Palatine: Located on each side of the soft palate
    • Adenoids: Located close to the internal opening of the nasal cavity in the upper part of the throat
    • Lingual: Found on back of tounge
  12. Dipsia
  13. Thyroxin(T3)
    • Controls the rate of metabolism, how cells use glucose and oxygen to produce heat and energy
    • Stimulates protein synthesis and thus helps in tissue growth
    • Stimulates the breakdown of liver glycogen to glucose
  14. Cortisol
    • Increase the amount of glucose in the blood
    • Help the body resist the aggrivations caused by various everyday stresses
    • Decrease edema in inflammation and reduce pain by inhibiting prosta glandin
  15. Somato
    Combining forms meaning body
  16. Glyc/o
    Indicating a relationship to sugars or the presence or gylcerol or a simillar substance
  17. Thyroid Gland
    • Location: Anterior part of the neck; either side of the laranyx over the trachea
    • Function: Secretes T3, T4, and Calcitonin
  18. Isles of Langerhan
    Located on the pancreas
  19. Adrenopathy
    Any disease of the adrenal glans
  20. Hormones secreted by the Anterior Pituitary
    • GH
    • LH
    • FSH
    • TSH
    • ACTH
    • PRL
  21. Negative Feedback
    Occurs when there is a drop in the level of a hormone
  22. Epinephorine
    • Powerful cardiac stimulant
    • Realse of more glucose from glycogen for muscle activity and increasing force and rate of the heart beat
    • Increases cardiac output and venous return
    • Raises the systolic blood pressure
    • Fight or Flight
  23. Insulin
    • Promotes utilization of glucose in the cells necessary for maintenance of blood sugar
    • Promotes fatty acid transport and fat deposition into cells
    • Promotes amino acid transport into cells
    • Facillitates protein synthesis
  24. Function of placenta
    • Secretes hCG
    • Stimulates mother's hormones to maintain lining of uterus
    • Secretes human placental lactogen(hPL- stimulates growth of breasts and regulates level of nutrients in mother's blood)
    • Secretes Relaxin-(Softens cervix for dilation at birth helps open birth canal)
  25. Aldosterone
    • Affects kidneys by increasing reabsorption of sodium in the blood circulation and increasing excretion of potassium
    • Also speeds up reabsorption of water in the kidneys
  26. Melatonin
    Pineal Gland
  27. Calcitonin
    • Controls the calcium ion concentration in the body by maintaining a proper calcium level in the blood
    • Decreases calcium when levels in the blood are too high
  28. PTH
    • Secreted by parathyroid glands
    • Increases calcium when levels in the blood are too low
  29. Progesterone
    • Produced by the cells or the corpus luteum
    • Maintains the lining of the uterus
  30. Oxytocin
    • Secreted by the posterior pituitary
    • Causes intense contraction during child birth and can also happen during breastfeeding
  31. Testosterone
    • Produced by the interstitial cells of the testes
    • Responsible for developement of male sex organs and secondary sex characteristics
  32. Hypercalcemia
    An excess concentration of calcium in the blood
  33. Norepinephorine
    • Secreted by the adrenal medulla
    • Opposite of epinephorine for the most part
  34. ADH
    Maintains water balance by increasing absorption of water in the kidney tubules
  35. Vitamin D
    Needed for the absorption of calcium
  36. Gastrin Production
    Stimulated by presence of food in the stomach
  37. Colecystokinn
    • Stimulates contraction of the galbladder which releases bile
    • Stimulates pancreas to secrete enzymes that help break down fat
  38. Prostaglandis
    • Located in various tissues throughout the body
    • Function depends on what part of the body secretes them some aid in constriction of blood vessels while other aid in dilation
    • Can be used to enduce labor
  39. Crin/o
    suffix meaning secrete
  40. Glucagon
    • Secreted by the pancreas
    • Function is that of insulin, its to increase levels of glucose in the bloodstream
  41. Growth Hormone
    • Secreted by the anterior pituitary
    • Accelerates body growth, and causes fat to be used for energy
    • Helps to maintain blood sugar