COMPACT STATES = states with loosely circular shape; easy to govern and defend ex: poland, Belgium
states with loosely circular shape; easy to govern and defend ex: poland, Belgium
broken apart; separated by water. Difficult to govern. ex: Indonesia, Japan
stretched a long distance form one end to another. EX: Chile
States with extended arm. Ex: Thailand
States that have another state inside them. EX: South africa, Italy
Completely surrounded by other countries with no access to sea. Ex: Mongolia
An area that belongs to a state, but is not physically connected to said state.Ex: Alaska, Kaliningrad.
A separate part of a state that is completely surrounded by another. Ex: Armenia and Azerbaijan
State is separated by
EX: Canada and the USA are separated by the 49th parallel.
How different states in the USA are split up, so each piece has equal representation. Divided by population.
Separated by population
Making congressional districts into different areas to get a lead on voting
Pulls a country together
Pushes a country apart
Representatives; multiple political parties
1 person, one vote; multiple political parties
King/Queen rule all
Figureheads; Parliament makes laws
One person rules everything. Ex: Kim Jong Il
Political power held by government. Government type and economic system.
Elected officials and government ownership of business. Everyone supports each other with higher taxes.
Ruled by few. Wealthy make decisions.
strong leadership, singular collective identity, and the will and ability to commit violence and wage war in order to keep the nation strong.
Lack of gov't
Elect a few representative to make all decisions. Based on the people.
Group of common ancestry. Ex: Native Americans.
A country with recognized borders.
The only nation within a state. Ratio of nation to state is 1:x
Nation without a state. Ex: Kurds, Palestinians, Basques
A state with many different nations conglomerated within said state.
Goods and Production determined by consumer demand.
Government can take over the companies on demand
Barter; goods are consumed by the goods makers. Generally agricultural/rural
Can be replaced through natural processes
cant be replaced upon removal from ground
inexhaustible energy sources:
result of solar or planetary processes; unlimited
Gathering raw materials, such as timber, from the ground.
Primary activity example:
iadding value to materials by changing their form.
Secondary activity examples:
providing business or professional services.
Tertiary activity example:
salespeople, teachers, doctors.
Providing information, management, and research.
Quarternary Activity Example:
Gross national product:
value of everything made by the country over a period of time
Gross domestic product:
value of everything made within the country over time
basic support systems needed to keep an economy going.
Examples of infrastructure:
power, communications, water, sanitation, and education systems.
Per capita income:
the average amount of income achieved per person.
multiple nuclei, concentric zone, sector.
a city may have started with a central business district, similar industries with common land-use and financial requirements are established near each other. These groupings influence their immediate neighborhood.
five rings, CBD in the center
While accepting the existence of a central business district, Hoyt suggested that zones expand outward from the city center along railroads, highways, and other transportation arteries.
City -> town -> Village -> Hamlet
Rank size rule:
City = 1; Town = 1/2; Village = 1/3; Hamlet = 1/4.