Pediatric Nutrition Exam III -Short Answer

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Pediatric Nutrition Exam III -Short Answer
2010-10-21 00:51:12
dr wilson ped nut exam

Pediatric Nutrition Exam III, short answer
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  1. How do you know if they are ready for pureed foods
    • able to hold head up and sit with support
    • able to push off on straightened arms on tummy
    • draw bottom lip as a spoon is removed
    • hold food in back of mouth and swallow
    • turn head away when full
  2. How do they indicate hunger and satiety
    • infants: cry, move arms and legs, turn head and swipe toward food, open mouth; often coo and smile when being fed
    • toddlers: point and ask or reach
    • satisfied toddlers: slow, distracted, play, throw, refuse, get up
  3. benefits of breast milk
    • type of fat found in bm is easily absorbed
    • protein composition is easily digested
    • fat promotes brain and vision development
    • bm contains enzymes that help with absorption of p, f, c
    • prevent illnesses, and infection
    • iq tests
    • developmental delays
    • healthy weight
  4. what foods to avoid choking?
    • slippery foods
    • sticky, chewy foods
    • dry, hard foods
    • firm foods that can get caught
    • easy to inhale
  5. benefits of breakfast
    • increased math and reading scores
    • improved school behavior
    • improved attentiveness
    • improved speed and mental abilities
  6. tips for creating a good environment
    • offer new food when happy and healthy
    • encourage to taste each food
    • serve at least one food they like
    • take time 3-5 days between new foods
    • avoid showing frustration
    • explore them together
    • invite a friend
    • no rewards or punishment
  7. responsibilities of adults
    • what
    • when
    • model
  8. responsibilities of child
    • what
    • how much
  9. tips for food jags
    • continue to offer normal menu
    • avoid rewards for desired foods
    • be patient, it i will pass
  10. tips for selective eaters
    • understand that some are sensitive
    • model
    • don't label
    • allow time for eating habits to change
    • go through stages
    • don't offer alternate foods
    • serve with a straw
    • provide dips
    • offer unliked foods with foods they like
  11. activities to teach nutrition
    • taste tests
    • drawing game
    • sing songs
    • finger plays
    • games
    • books
  12. nutrient needs of infants
    • fastest rate of growth
    • high nutrient dense food
    • breast milk or iron rich formula
  13. nutritional needs of toddlers
    • physical growth rate slows
    • behavioral change is rapid
    • autonomy vs shame and doubt- separate human beings
    • appetite decreases
    • picky eaters/ food jags
    • eat often-grazers
  14. nutritional needs of preschoolers
    • appetite usually good but changes
    • small servings
    • decreased rate of growth, so unpredictable
    • body fat decreases
    • food preferences
  15. nutritional needs of school-age
    • rate of growth is slow and steady
    • nutrient requirements and portion sizes increase
    • three meals and three snacks
    • decreased physical activity can become probematic
  16. school lunches
    • must provide at least 1/3rd of RDAs
    • keep fat at 30% of total calories or less
    • eat lunch after recess
  17. nutritional concerns during school age
    • breakfast intake
    • fat intake
    • snacks
    • need variety of foods
    • encourage positive, healthy habits
  18. concerns for toddlers and preschoolers
    • too much milk
    • refusal to eat
    • dawdling, messiness
    • food jags
    • effects of tv and advertising
    • fast food consumption
    • decrease in veggies
  19. food rewards and punishments
    • reward foods are preferred
    • object of reward is less preferred
    • punishment creates negative food experiences
    • punishment may lead to food avoidance
    • neither reward nor punishment works long term
  20. complementary foods
    • too early can increase risk of choking, exzema, food allergies
    • 4-6 months-10 months
    • variety is important to increase likelihood that they will like foods
    • banana progression
  21. eating problems
    • be patient
    • teach the parent
    • introduce assistive eating tools
    • read baby's cues
    • be supportive