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What is scholarship?
activities that systematically advance the teaching, research, and practice of nursing through rigorous inquiry that 1) is significant to the profession, 2) is creative, 3) can be documented, 4) can be replicated or elaborated, and 5) can be peer-reviewed through various methods
What are the 4 kinds of scholarship in nursing?
- Scholarship of:
What are some examples of scholarship discovery?
peer-reviewed publications or presentations of research, theory, or philosophical essays, grant awards in support of research or scholarship
What are some examples of the scholarship of teaching?
presentations related to teaching and learning, published textbooks or other learning aids
What are some examples of the scholarship of Practice (application)?
professional certifications, degrees, and other specialty credentials, compiling and analyzing patient or health services outcomes.
What are some examples of Scholarship of Integration?
development of interdisciplinary educational programs and service projects
What are the components of scholarship in nursing?
- Evidence-based practice
- Nursing as a body of knowlege
What is research?
Systemic investigation of a phenomena related to improving pt care
List the 7 research priorities for National Institute of Nursing Research:
- 1. chronic illness
- 2. quality and cost effectiveness of care
- 3. health promotion and disease prevention
- 4. management of symptoms
- 5. adaptation to new technologies
- 6. health disparities
- 7. palliative care at end of life
List the 8 steps of the research process
- 1. Identify a problem
- 2. Review Literature
- 3.For Hypothesis
- 4. Design a study
- 5. Implementation
- 6.Draw Conclusion
- 7. Discuss implementation
- 8. Distribute findings
A Theory is:
- one or more relatively concrete and specific concepts that are derived from a conceptual model
- *theories are less broad than conceptual models
What is the difference between a Grand Theory and a Middle-range Theory?
- Grand: a very broad conceptualization of nursing phenomena
- Middle: Narrower in focus and makes connections between grand theories and nursing practice
What is Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relations in Nursing?
Based on premise that relationship between patient and nurse is focus of attention, rather than the patient only as unit of attention
What is Orlando's Nursing Process Theory?
}Focus is how nurses process their observations of patients behavior and also how they react to patients on the basis of inferences form patients behavior
What is Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality
}Goal is transcultural nursing; Respecting culture of patient and recognizing importance of its relationship to nursing care
What was Nightengale's Philosophy On what nursing is and is not?
}Set forth principles that were foundational to nursing including importance of observing the patient, accurately recording information, and principles of cleanliness
- Focused on the person
- Focused on health rather than illness
- Focused on Nursing as opposed to Medicine
What was Henderson's Philosophy?
unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or a peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength will or knowledge
What was Watson's Philosophy?
- }Proposed 10 Carative Factors which were contrasted with curative to differentiate nursing from medicine
- }Equated health with harmony, resulting from unity of body, mind, and soul, for which the patient is primarily responsible
What is Orem's Self Care Model?
- focuses patient’s self-care capacities and process of designing nursing actions to meet the patient's self care needs
- Goal of nursing is to help pt meet their self care needs
What is King's Theory of Goal Attainment?
}Emphasis on interactions between personal, interpersonal and social systems which influence behavior
What is Roy's Adaptation Model?
- Focuses on individual as a biopsychosocial adaptive system; Human beings adapt to their
- internal and external environments
What is Evidence Based Practice?
: using the best available research findings to make clinical decisions that are most effective and beneficial for patients
What are the 7 levels of evidence?
- Level 1: ideas, editorials, letters, opinion papers
- Level 2: case reports, case studies
- Level 3: information based on lab studies
- Level 4: information based on animal studies
- Level 5&6: information based on studies involving human subjects
- Level 7: clinical trials (Gold Standard)
What is Critical Thinking?
a process by which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them
What are some qualities of a critical thinker?
- raises questions and problems
- gathers and assesses relevant info
- arrives at conclusions and solutions that are well-reasoned
- is open minded
- communicates effectively