Bony Landmarks Latin Terms
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In the body of the vertebrae, the costal facet serves to articulate with the head of the rib. What does the term costa mean in latin if the term facet means smooth?
The term costa means rib. Thus the costal facet is the smooth area where the bone of the rib articulates.
In the vertebrae of the spinal cord, there are several spaces. The foramen is the term for the opening in the middle portion of the section of vertebrae. However, when several are stacked on top of one another with the superior articular facet interacting with the inferior articular process another structure is formed. What is its name? What function does it serve?
The name of the structure that is formed when the superior articular facet interacts with the inferior articular process to form the complete vertebral column is a vertebral canal. The vertebral canal houses the spinal cord.
The area "between" two vertebrae which serves to transmit spinal nerves and radicular vessels is called the...
On an individual vertebrae the area of bone directly lateral to the canal is called the? What does it mean in latin?
The structure that is directly lateral is called the pedicle. It is called foot in latin.
There are three processes in the vertebrae that branch of the pedicle. The transverse process, superior articular process and the inferior articular process. Which of the three's function is to articulate with the ribs? What is the name of the "smooth," "swelling" projection of bone that it interacts with?
Of the three, the transverse process interacts with the rib or costa. It interacts via the costatubercular facet or which in latin means the smooth swelling that interacts with the rib or costa.
T or F. The lamina portion of the vertebrae is situated anterior to the spinous process. Also, what does lamina mean in latin. Hint: there are two terms
True the lamina portion of the vertebrae is situated anterior to the spinous process. Lamina means leaf or plate
The spinous process attaches to a plethora of muscles. Is this part of the vertebrae located ventral or dorsal to the pedicle?
The spinous process is located dorsal to the pedicle.
The head of the rib articulates with the transverse process of the vertebrae. What is the area called where it articulates? What is the anatomic structure of the rib called that specifically interacts with called?
The head of the rib interacts with the transverse process via the tubercle of the rib which is the most medial portion of the rib. The area in which the tubercle interacts with the transverse process of the vertebrae is called the costotubercular facet
The scalene tubercle is a unique anatomical feature of what bone? What is its relation to the grooves for the subclavian artery and vein? What muscle does it attach to?
The scalene tubercle is a unique feature of the 1st rib. It is located medial and dorsal to the grooves for the subclavian artery and vein. It serves to attach the anterior scalene muscle to its rostral or cranial surface.
The sternum can be thought of as a sword, with a handle with the xyphoid process as the blade.
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