Med Term

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lwattens
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44122
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Med Term
Updated:
2010-10-21 23:50:41
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med term
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chapter 6
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  1. white
    leuk/o
  2. red
    erythr/o
  3. clumping
    agglutin/o
  4. base
    bas/o
  5. color
    chrom/o
  6. clotting
    coagul/o
  7. rosy red
    eosin/o
  8. fibers, fibrous
    fibrin/o
  9. granules
    granul/o
  10. blood
    hem/o
  11. blood
    hemat/o
  12. shape
    morph/o
  13. neutral
    neutr/o
  14. eat, swallow
    phag/o
  15. blood
    sanguin/o
  16. clot
    thromb/o
  17. removal
    -apheresis
  18. more than normal number of cells
    -cytosis
  19. blood condition
    -emia
  20. protein
    -globin
  21. abnormal decrease
    -penia
  22. attraction for
    -phil
  23. formation
    -poiesis
  24. standing still
    -stasis
  25. fiber producing
    fibrinogen
  26. fiber destruction
    fibrinolysis
  27. pertaining to fibers
    fibrinous
  28. blood protein
    hemoglobin
  29. blood destruction
    hemolysis
  30. blood destruction
    hemolytic
  31. rapid flow of blood
    hemorrhage
  32. blood specialist
    hematologist
  33. pertaining to blood
    hematic
  34. pertaining to blood
    sanguinous
  35. red cell
    erythrocyte
  36. white cell
    leukocyte
  37. clotting cell
    thrombocyte
  38. granular cell
    granulocyte
  39. not a granular cell
    agranulocyte
  40. too many red cells
    erythrocytosis
  41. too many white cells
    leukocytosis
  42. too many clotting cells
    thrombocytosis
  43. too few red cells
    erythropenia
  44. too few white cells
    leukopenia
  45. too few clotting cells
    thrombopenia
  46. too few all cells
    pancytopenia
  47. red cell producing
    erythropoiesis
  48. white cell producing
    leukopoiesis
  49. clotting cell producing
    thrombopoiesis
  50. blood producing
    hematopoiesis
  51. hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris; end result of homeostasis
    blood clot
  52. to convert a liquid to a solid; as in blood clotting
    coagulate
  53. general term for disease affecting blood
    dyscrasia
  54. branch of medicine specializing in blood conditions; physician is a hematologist
    hematology
  55. collection of blood under skin as a result of blood escaping into tissue from damaged blood vessels
    hematoma
  56. to stop bleeding or stagnation of blood flow through tissues
    hemostasis
  57. transfusion of only blood cells without plasma
    packed cells
  58. mixture of both plasma and formed elements
    whole blood
  59. genetic disorder; blood fails to clot due to lack of one clotting factor
    hemophilia
  60. excessive level of lipids in the blood stream; risk factor for atherosclerosis
    hyperlipidemia
  61. having bacteria or their toxins in the bloodstream; also called blood poisoning
    septicemia
  62. group of conditions characterized by a reduction in number of RBCs or the amount of hemoglobin; results in less oxygen reaching tissues
    anemia
  63. severe anemia in which red bone marrow stops making sufficient blood cells; may require bone marrow transplant
    aplastic anemia
  64. results from excessive loss of RBCs
    hemolytic anemia
  65. destruction of RBCs when a patient receives a mismatched blood transfusion
    hemolytic reaction
  66. results from insufficient amount of hemoglobin in RBCs; unable to transport sufficient oxygen
    hypochromic anemia
  67. results fro insufficient amount of iron to make hemoglobin for RBCs
    iron-deficiency anemia
  68. insufficient absorbtion of vitamin B12; unable to make enough RBCs
    pernicious anemia (PA)
  69. condition of having too many RBCs; blood is too thick and flows sluggishly
    polycythemia vera
  70. genetic disorder where RBCs take on abnormal sickle shape; become more fragile leading to hemolytic anemia
    sickle cell anemia
  71. genetic disorder where unable to produce functioning hemoglobin
    thalassemia
  72. portion of red bone marrow; results in large number of abnormal and immature WBCs circulating in blood stream
    leukemia
  73. blood is incubated to identify infecting bacteria and then tested to determine best antibiotic to use
    blood culture and sensitivity (C&S)
  74. set of blood tests: RBC count, WBC count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cell differential, and platelet count
    complete blood count (CBC)
  75. determines rate at which RBCs settle in a test tube; indicates presence of inflammation in the body
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
  76. measure volume of RBCs
    hematocrit (HCT, Hct, crit)
  77. measure amount of hemoglobin present
    hemoglobin (Hgb, hb)
  78. determines number of platelets
    platelet count
  79. measures how long is needed for blood to coagulate and form a clot
    prothrombin (Pro time, PT)
  80. measure number of RBCs
    red blood cell count (RBC)
  81. examines RBCs for abnormalites in shape
    red blood cell morphology
  82. machine for doing multiple blood chemisty tests automatically
    sequential multiple analyzer computer (SMAC)
  83. measures number of leukocytes
    white blood cell count (WBC)
  84. determines the number of each kind of WBC
    white blood cell differential (diff)
  85. sample of bone marrow removed by aspiration and examined for diseases such as leukemia and aplastic anemia
    bone marrow aspiration
  86. incision into vein in order to withdraw blood for testing; also called venipuncture
    phlebotomy
  87. collection and storage of patient's own blood prior to the actual need
    autologous transfusion
  88. artificial transfer of blood into the bloodstream
    blood transfusion
  89. patient receives red bone marrow from donor after patient's own bone marrow has been destroyed
    bone marrow transplant (BMT)
  90. replacement blood with blood from another person
    homologous transfusion
  91. removal of whole blood; separation of plasma from formed elements; formed elements returned to a patient with donor plasma transfusion
    plasmapheresis
  92. prevent blood clot formation
    anticoagulant
  93. prevents bleeding
    antihemorrhagic
  94. interferes with action of platelets
    antiplatelet agent
  95. increases number of RBCs and hemoglobin
    hematinic
  96. dissolves existing clots
    thrombolytic

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