Medical Terminology

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Medical Terminology
2010-10-22 00:00:31
Cardiovascular Respiratory Systems

Cardiovascular and Respiratory System Flashcards
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  1. Aneurysm
    localized dilation of an artery
  2. Angina
    chest pain
  3. Arrythmia
    any deviation from the normal pattern of the heartbeat
  4. Arteriosclerosis
    hardening of arterial walls
  5. Artherosclerosis
    type of arteriosclerosis characterized by deposits of cholesterol in the walls of arteries
  6. Bradycardia
    slow heart rate
  7. Claudication
    weakness of the legs accompanied by calf pain due to poor circulation
  8. Cyanosis
    bluish skin discoloration caused by an excess of deoxygenated hemoglobin
  9. Diastole
    time between contractions of the atria or ventricles when blood enters
  10. Embolism
    sudden obstruction of an artery by a clot or other foreign substance
  11. Hyperlipidemia
    excess of lipids in the plasma
  12. Hypertension
    elevated blood pressure
  13. Infarction
    obstruction of circulation followed by ischemic necrosis
  14. Ischemia
    deficiency of blood supply to a part
  15. Murmur
    low-pitched blowing or humming sound caused by turbulent blood flow
  16. Myocardial Infarction
    heart attack
  17. Necrosis
    death of area of tissue or bone
  18. Palpitation
    pulsations of the heart that are perceptible to the client
  19. Systole
    contraction of the heart
  20. Tachycardia
    rapid heart rate
  21. Thrombophlebitis
    inflammation of a vein
  22. Varicose
    dilated or bulging veins
  23. Ventricular Fibrillation
    cardiac arrhythmia marked by rapid, disorganized depolarizations of the ventricles
  24. Apnea
    cessation of breathing
  25. Asthma
    wheezing resulting from obstruction of the bronchi or spasm of smooth muscle
  26. Atelectasis
    collapse of a lung
  27. Bradypnea
    abnormally slow rate of breathing
  28. Bronchiestasis
    chronic dilation of one or more bronchi
  29. Bronchitis
    inflammation of the bronchi
  30. Consolidation
    process in which liquid or solid replacement of lung parenchyma as exudates from an inflammatory condition is amassed
  31. Crackles
    discrete, noncontinuous sound resembling fine crackling heard through a stethoscope
  32. Crepitus
    dry, crackling sound
  33. Dyspnea
    difficult or labored respiration
  34. Emphysema
    condition involving entrapment of air within tissue
  35. Fremitus
    palpable vibration
  36. Hyperpnea
    increased depth of respiration
  37. Hyperventilation
    increase in rate and depth of respiration
  38. Intercostal Space
    space between two ribs
  39. Orthopnea
    dyspnea that begins or increases when one lies down
  40. Parenchyma
    tissue of an organ as distinguished from supporting or connective tissue
  41. Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
    sudden onset of dyspnea after a period of lying down
  42. Percussion
    technique used to evaluate size, borders, and consistency of certain internal organs and determine presence of air and fluid
  43. Pleural Effusion
    fluid of any kind in the pleural cavity
  44. Pleurisy
    pleural inflammation accompanied by pain
  45. Rhonchi
    wheezing or snoring sounds produced by airflow across a partially constricted air passage
  46. Tachypnea
    rapid respiratory rate
  47. Wheeze
    high-pitched musical rhonchi