Chapter 4.txt

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Author:
archetypical78
ID:
44304
Filename:
Chapter 4.txt
Updated:
2010-10-23 01:18:31
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chemistry acids solubles
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notes from chapter 4
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  1. Group 4A Anions
    • C⁻⁴ - carbide - C₂⁻²
    • Si⁻⁴ - silicide
  2. Group 5A Anions
    • N⁻³ - nitride
    • P⁻³ - phosphide
  3. Group 6A Anions
    • O⁻² - oxide
    • S⁻² - sulfide
    • Se⁻² - selenide
    • Te⁻² - telluride
  4. Group 7A Anions
    • F⁻ - fluoride
    • Cl⁻ - chloride
    • Br⁻ - bromide
    • I⁻ - iodide
  5. Oxoacids
    Contain H, O, and another central element
  6. Five common acids
    • H₂CO₃ - carbonic acid
    • HClO₃ - chloric acid
    • HNO₃ - nitric acid
    • H₂SO₄ - phosphoric acid
  7. Strong Electrolytes
    • HCl
    • HNO₃
    • HClO₄
    • H₂SO₄
    • NaOH
    • Ba(OH)₂
    • Ionic compounds
  8. Weak Electrolyte
    • CH₃COOH
    • HF
    • HNO₂
    • NH₃
    • H₂O
  9. Nonelectrolyte
    • (NH₂)₂CO - urea
    • CH₃OH - methanol
    • C₂H₅OH - ethanol
    • C₆H₁₂O₆ - glucose
    • C₁₂H₂₂O₁₁ - sucrose
  10. Soluble compounds
    • alkali metals - Li⁺, Na⁺, K⁺, Rb⁺, Cs⁺
    • ammonium ion - NH₄⁺
    • nitrates - NO₃⁻
    • bicarbonates - HCO₃⁻
    • chlorates - ClO₃⁻
    • halides - Cl⁻, Br⁻, I⁻
    • sulfates - SO₄⁻²
  11. Insoluble Exceptions
    • halides of Ag⁺, Hg₂⁺², Pb⁺2
    • sulfates of Ag⁺, Ca⁺², Sr⁺², Ba⁺², Hg₂⁺², Pb⁺²
  12. Insoluble Compounds
    • carbonates - CO₃⁻²
    • phosphates - PO₄⁻³
    • chromates - CrO₄⁻²
    • sulfides - S⁻²
    • hydroxides - OH⁻
  13. Soluble Exceptions
    • Compounds containing alkali metal ions and the ammonium ion
    • Compounds containing alkali metal ions and the Ba⁺² ion
  14. Strong Acids
    • HCl - hydrochloric
    • HBr - hydrobromic
    • HI - hydroiodic
    • HNO₃ - nitric
    • H₂SO₄ - sulfuric
    • HClO₄ - perchloric
  15. Weak Acids
    • HF - hydrofluoric
    • HNO₂ - nitrous
    • H₃PO₄ - phosphoric
    • CH₃COOH - acetic

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