Civil War Vocab

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Civil War Vocab
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2010-10-23 14:04:21
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Civil War Vocab
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  1. The location where Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union Gen. Grant
    Appomattox Cout House
  2. Union commander who practiced total war tactics destroying civilian homes and livestock
    Whilliam Tecumseh Sherman
  3. Lincoln's famous speech that attempted to bring the country back together after the battle at Gettysburg
    Gettysburg Address
  4. Union victory that gave them control of the Mississippi River
    Vicksburg
  5. Three day battle which would be the turing point in the war and from which the South would not recover
    Gettysburg
  6. The worst Confederate prison where prisoners had no shelter form the weather.
    Andersonville
  7. Union nurse who often cared for the sick and wounded at the frount lines
    Clara Barton
  8. In Tennessee in 1864, Confederate troops killed over 200 African-American prisoners
    Fort Pillow
  9. A draft that would force cdertain members of the population to serve in the army
    Conscription
  10. court order that requires authorites to bring a personheld in jail before the court to determine why he or she is being jailed. Lincoln suspended this right during the war and held Confederate sympathizers in jail without trial.
    Habeas Corpus
  11. Lincoln's decloration freeing the slaves in the occupied territories. It gave a high moral purpose for the war
    Emancipation Proclamation
  12. The single bloodiest DAY battle in American history where the casulty total exceeded 26,000
    Antietam
  13. Confederate General who will surrender to Grant at Appomatox Court House
    Robert E. Lee
  14. The South's ironclad (iron plated) ship
    Merrimack
  15. The North's ironclad (iron plated) ship which sunk off the coast of Virginia in 1861
    Monitor
  16. Civil War battle in Tennessee that taught both sides that the war was going to be long and bloody. It also showed that the Union strategy to split the Confederacy might work
    Shiloh
  17. General of the Union Army who will eventually defeat the Confederate army
    Ulysses S. Grant
  18. General of the Union Army at the start of the war. He will be fired by Lincoln several times during the war
    George McClellan
  19. Confederate general who inspired the Confederate soldiers to defeat the Union at Bull Run where he earned the nickname "Stonewall"
    Stonewall Jackson
  20. First major battle of the war that took place 25 miles near Washington, D.C. in which the Confederacy forced the Union troops to retreat to the capital
    Bull Run
  21. Union war plan to blockade southern ports and split the Confederacy in two
    Anaconda Plan
  22. First battle of the Civil War
    Fort Sumter
  23. President of the Confederacy
    Jefferson Davis
  24. The Southern states that suceded from the Union formed this
    Confederacy
  25. Federal Arsenal where John Brown led a slave uprising
    Harpers Ferry
  26. 16th President of the United States
    Abraham Lincoln
  27. Slave who sued for his freedom, but was denied by the Supreme Court
    Dred Scott
  28. New political party that formed as an opposition to the spread of slavery
    Republican Party
  29. The violence that erupted when pro slavery and anti-slavery forces met in the Kansas territory
    Bleeding Kansas
  30. An abolitionist who pulled pro-slavery advocates from their beds and killed them in an attact known as the Pottawatomie Massacre
    John Brown
  31. Law of Congress that divided the Kansas Nebraska territory into two parts and allowed popular sovereignty in regards to the issue of slavery
    Kansas-Nebraska Act
  32. author of the book "Uncle Tom's cabin"
    Harriet Beecher Stowe
  33. Most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad who made several trips back to the south to free slaves
    Harriet Tubman
  34. A secrect network that directed runnaways slaves toward freedom in the North
    Underground Railroad
  35. Law that required northerners to assist in the capture and trial of suspected runnaway slaves
    Fugitive Slave Act
  36. Senator of Illinois who helped pass the Compromise of 1850 and debated the issue of slavery with Abraham Lincoln in a series of famous debates
    Stephen A. Douglas
  37. The right of residents of a territory to vote for or against slavery
    Popular Sovereignty
  38. Compromise that admitted California as a free state, banned the slave trade in the District of Columbia, and strengthened the Fugitive Slave Act
    Compromise of 1850
  39. Bill in Congress that would make California and territories acquired from Mexico closed to slavery forever
    Wilmot Proviso

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