use of substance that results in maladaptive behavior
refers to the negative psychologic and physical reactions that occur when use of a substance ceases of dramatically decreases.
can be defined as using a drug in a way that is inconsistent with medical or social normals despite negative consequences
includes problems associated with addiction such as tolerance, withdrawal and unsuccessful attempts to stop using the substance
After continued heavy drinking, the person experiences----------, which means that very small amounts of alcohol intoxicate the person.
Substance abuse: is a central nervous system depressant that is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream
Drugs where withdrawel is life threatening
alcohol and barbiturates
Drugs to help in safe withdrawel of alcohol
Benzodiazepines: Ativan, librium or valium
Can cause dilated pupiles
Stimulants (amphetamines, cocaine)
Intoxication of which causes constricted pupils, pyschomotor retardation/agitation, listlessness, impaired judgement, apathy, impaired attention and memory
treatment of opioid toxicity
can treat opioid withdrawal symptoms and make them seem no worse than a mild case of the flu
Thiamine, Vitamin B
deficiency can cause dementia. vitamin B used to treat wernicke-korsakoff syndrome.
Can help reduce cravings for alcohol
-opioid antagonist used to treat overdose
-may be prescribed (if pt is willing) to help deter clients from drinking. Substances containing alcohol will make pt sick.
Refers to multiple physical complaints with no organic basis, complaints are usually described dramatically
The transference of mental experiences and states into bodily symptoms
disorders that can be characterized as the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a medical conditon without a demonstrable organic basis to account fully for them.
One of the five specific somatoform disorders: characterized by multiple physical symptoms. Begins by 30 years of age, extends over several years, and includes a combinatoion of pain and gi, sexual, and pseudoneurologic symptoms.
-One of the five specific somatoform disorders: sometimes called conversion reaction, involves unexplained, sually sudden deficits in sensory or motor function (blindness, paralysis)
-seeming lack of concern or distress is a key feature of above
-la belle indifference
One of the five specific somatoform disorders: is preoccupation with the fear that one has a serious disease (disease conviction), or that one will get a serious disease (phobia)
One of the five specific somatoform disorders: preoccupation with an imagined or exaggerated defect in physical appearance, such as thinking ones nose is too big