The collective term for various forms of diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
The two upper chambers of the heart in which blood collects before passing to the ventricles.
The large vein through whcih blood is returned to the atrium of the heart.
The two lower chambers of the heart that pump blood through arteries to the lungs and other parts of the body.
The large artery that receives blood from the left ventricle and distributes it to the body.
Vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Very small blood vessels that serve toexchange oxygen and nutrients between the blood and tissues.
Microsopic disk-shaped cell fragments in the blood that disintergrate on contact with foreign objects and release chemicals that are necessary for the formation of blood clots.
Substained abnormally high blood pressure.
A form of CVD in which the inner layers of artery wlls are made thick and irregular by plaque deposits; arteries become narrow and blood supply is reduced.
Blood fat that transports cholesterol from the liver to organs and tissues; excess is deposited on artery walls, where it can eventually block the flow of blood to the heart and brain; "bad" cholesterol
Blood fat that helps transport cholestrol out of the arteries and thus protects against heart diseases; "good" cholestrol.
A deposit of fatty(and other) substances on the inner wall of the arteries.
Coronary Heart Disease
Heart disease caused by artherosclerosis in the arteries that supply blood to thr heart muscle; also called coronary artery disease.
A clot in a coronary artery.
Damage to, or death of, heart muscle, resulting from a failure of the coronary arteries to deliever enough blood to the heart; also known as myocardial infection(m).
Pain in the chest, often in the left arm and shoulder, caused by the heart muscle not receiving enough blood.
A change in the normal pattern of heart beat.
Sudden Cardiac Death
A nontraumatic, unexpected death from sudden cardiac arrest, most often due to arrhythmia; in most instances victims have underlying heart disease.
A technique involving mouth-to-mouth breathing and chest compression to keep oxygen flowing to the brain.
A test to detect abnormalities by evaluating the electrical activty in the heart.
An impeded blood supply to some part of the brain resulting in the destruction of brain cells; also called cerebrovascular accident.
Impeded blood supply to some part of the btain caused by the obstruction of a blood vessel by a clot.
impeded blood supplt to the brain to the brain caused by the rupture of a blood vessel.
A bloof clot in a blood bessel that usually occurs at the point of its formation.
A blood clot that breaks off from its place of origin in a blood vessel and travels through the bloodstream.
A sac formed by a distention or dilation of the artery wall.
Transient ischemic attack
A small stroke; usually a temporary interruption of blood supply to the brain, causing numbness or difficulty with speech.
The use of computerized X ray impages to create a cross-sectional depiction(scan) of tissue density.
Congestive Heart Failure
A condition resulting fomr the heart's inability to pump out all the blood that returns to it; blood backs upin the veins leasing to the heart, causing an accumulation of fluid in various parts of the body.
Congenital heart disease
A defect or malformation of the heart or its major bloodvessels present at birth.
An inherited condition in which there is an enlargement of the heart muscle, especially between the two ventricles.
A disease, mainly of children, characterized by fever, inflammation, and pain in the joints; often damages the heart muscle
Miltral Value Prolaspe
A condition in which the miltral valve "billows' out during ventricular contraction, possibly allowing leakage of blood from the left ventricle into the left atrium; often asymptomatic and usually requiring treatment only in cases of significant leakage.
Abnormal, uncontrolled cellular growth.
A tumor that is cancerous and capable of spreading.
A tumor that is not cancerous
A system of vessels that returns proteins, lipids, and other substances form fluid in the tissue to the circulatory system.
The removal and examination of a small piece of body tissue.
The spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another.
Soft vascular tissue in the interior cavities of bones that produces blood cells
Any substance that cause cancer.
The treatment of cancer with chemicals that selectively destroy cancerous cells.
A period during the course of cancer in which there are no symptoms or other evidence of disease.
Low-dose X rays of the breast used to check for early signs of breast cancer.
An imaging method in which sound waves are bounced off body structures to create an image on a TV monitor
Prostate-specific antigen blood test
A diagnostic test for prostate cancer that measures blood levels of prostate-specific antigen.
A scraping of cells form the cervix for examination under a microsope to detect cancer.
A malignant timor of the skin that arises from pigmented cells, usually a mole.
Light rays of a specific wavelength emitted by the sun; most UV rays are blocked by the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere.
Basal cell carcinoma
Cancer of the deepest layers of the skin.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Cancer of the durface layers of the skin.
The threadlike bodies in a cell nucleus that contain molecules of DNA; most human cells contain 23 pairs of chromosomes
Deoxyribonucleic acid, a chemical substance that carries genetic infotmation
A section of a chromosome that contains the cucleotide base sequence for making a particular proteinl the base unit of heredity
A gene involved in the transformation of a normal cell into a cancer cell.
Any of a group of yellow-to-red plant pigments that can be converted to vitamin A by the liverl many act as antioxidants or have other anti-cancer effects.
A substance that can be lessen the breakdown of food or body constituents; actions include binding oxygen and donating electrons to free radicals
Electron-seeking compounds that can react with fats, proteins, and DNA damaging cell membranes and mutating genesin their search for electrons; produceded though chemical reaction in the body and by exposure to enviromental factors such as sunlight and tobacco smoke.
A naturally occuring substance found in plant foods that may help prevent chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease.