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patterns explicit and implicit behavour aquired and transmitted by other symbols
is when a person sees his culture as superior to others
a critical look from the standing point or a fact
exploring oneself to his or her own behaviour
the ability see the world through different lenses
the main stream culture
how are differences socially constructed?
- aggregating (grouping into a clas)
- dichotomizing ( creating dualities either or )
how do human differences originate?
- social structure (class, religion)
a culture within a culture
- Racial essentialists argue that all members of a specific racial group
- share certain basic characteristics or qualities that mark them as
- inherently different from members of other racial groups.
the use of a name to claim the identity or lable people:spics
the idea that we are all straight
treating ohers as objects
word used to describe those who are not like oneself
a position held in society
the most dominant of many. ie) gender race
meaning to difference: what are the implications for social work practice?
- social context- knowing the clients differences
- sub group experiences-what groups have helped this person
- ndividual functioning - how does the client deal with his differences?
- leave- physically removing ourselfs from a situation
- scielence - we dont respond to the triggering situation
- release- we notice the trigger but we dont respond we choose to lt it go.
what is a trigger?
something a individual says/does that offends others from a differnet group
to be marked with a label of disgrace
one is identified as special in some way ( blind muscian )
unequal access to resources needed to live a productive life
unearended access to social power
those whos stigma is known to be discreditable
an activity that prevents another social gropup from attaining access to valued resources
a hostile action towards a social group
de facto discrimination
discrimination that happens whem it isnt permitted ie)job discrimination
equates white culture as the norms of society
when agents enforce subordinate statuses upon targets
Agent to Agent
- When agents enforce dominant status with other members of
- the agent group.
- ie) Boys who don’t conform to traditional
- “masculine” interests and behaviors are harassed by other boys.
target to Target
- When target group members enforce subordinate status among
- their own group or, if there is more than one target group, when one target
- group enforces subordinate status with another target group.
Subordination (Internalized Oppression
- When members of the target social group have adopted the agent
- group’s ideology and accept their subordinate status as deserved, natural, and
- : the process by
- which individuals learn the behavior, values, language, and customs, and
- patterns of a cultural group other than their own. Acculturation stress is related to the
- emotional strain this process puts on an individual
- the process by which persons of diverse backgrounds slowly
- give up their original cultural identity and language and “melt” into another
- group, usually the core group of the society (“melting pot” approach).
- : being able to
- negotiate competently in two or more
- cultures – the mainstream culture and one’s original culture (“tossed salad” or
- “quilt” approach). Based on theory of
- Cultural Pluralism.
required of people to ensure the survival of the host society:
- Use of
- common language as primary language of the country, but not the only
- of idealized values of democracy, freedom, justice and equality for all.
- to provide for protection of nation again outside aggression.
- * Diversity requires negotiation and compromise.
- A member of the agent group who rejects the dominant
- ideology and takes action against oppression out of belief that eliminating
- oppression will benefit both agents and targets.
wgat is a sentrnving circle?
its like going to a aa meeting
laws about the ownershiip of land
the largest group of the first aboriginals
act to prevent european acces to land and settlement
an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly
is the practice of promoting a more powerful culture over a least known or desirable culture
A prejudice is a prejudgement
How do we create
social group memberships? How are
differences socially constructed? Can
any group attribute meaning to difference?
Assigning meaning to difference and categorizing groups and individuals
occurs at what level?
you aree either born into a social group by being born in an by earning ur way in but still at a minority stance
- differences are socially constructed by
- social status
4 levels of self aweraness
- basic self awearness
- reflective self awearness
- basic empowerment
- reflective empowerment