PSY 356 Definitions and Perspectives in Personality

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SarahM89
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PSY 356 Definitions and Perspectives in Personality
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2010-10-24 17:05:04
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PSYCHOLOGY PERSONALITY
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PSY 356 Definitions and Perspectives in Personality Review
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  1. Grand Theories
    • Psychoanalytic - conflict and psychodynamic
    • Learning - personality is explained through behavior patterns
    • Humanistic - All people are unique
    • Cognitive -
  2. Psychoanalytic Theories
    • Freud and collegues
    • Started the "norm"
    • Internal conflict
    • people are basically selfish
  3. Learning Theories
    • Your personality superficial (behavior patterns)
    • Based on observation of subhumans
    • Also believe in maximization of personal pleasure
    • Considered too simplistic
  4. Humanistic Theories
    • Each person is uniqueFirst to study healthy people
    • Focus is on human potential
    • People are after growth (self-actualization)

  5. Cognitive Theories
    • Personality is based on how you percieve the world (Constructionistic View)
    • Most recent/common theory
    • Thoughts/perception
    • Truth-seeking
  6. Definition of Personality (Allport 1937)
    • One of the fathers of personality
    • Tried to find a consensual definition of personality
    • Found 50 distinct definitions
    • 7 categories for viewing personality
  7. 7 Types of Definitions of Personality
    • Bio - Social
    • Bio - Physical
    • Omnibus
    • Integrative
    • Adjustment
    • Uniqueness
    • "Essence of Person"
  8. Bio - Social
    • View point that your personality is a product of your social group
    • Social feedback is built around your physicality
    • You are what people see you to be
    • Social Psychologist
    • Nurture
    • Indirect influence - genes caused something physical, which caused behavior
  9. Bio - Physical
    • Personality is a product of your genes
    • Psychobiologists
    • Nature
    • Direct Influence - the gene iotself is causing behavior
  10. Omnibus
    • Trait Psychologist
    • Tries to define personality by summing up the traits
    • Behaviors that remain the same over time
    • Openess
    • Conscientousness
    • Extroversion
    • Agreeable
    • Neuroticism
  11. Integrative
    • Cognitive Psychologist
    • The mind categorizes information and attatches meaning to it
    • The way one makes sense of the world
    • Stmulus --> Organism -->Response
    • No two people view the world the same way, so their behaviors will be different
  12. Adjustment
    • Evolutionary Psychologist
    • Define personality from a Darwinian perspective
    • Evolutionary forces that make decisions for you that dictates your behavior
  13. Uniqueness
    • Humantistic Psychologists
    • You are like no other human being
    • Focuses on the differences between people
    • Opposed to the omnibus definition
  14. "Essense of Person"
    • Interactionist Psychologists
    • Layers to a persons personality
    • Outer layer can be influenced externally
    • The second layer is slightly more consistent
    • The inner layer contains traits that basically never change
    • Looks at individuals, not groups
  15. Dr. A's Idea of Good Definition of Personality
    • Traits - Enduring behavior patterns
    • Structure - Internal map of personality
    • Tendency - Internal motivation (Why do you act this way?)
  16. Maddi 1980
    • Personality is the stable set of tendencies (motivations) and characteristic (traits) that determine differences and commonalities in the psychological behavior of people...
    • … that have continuity and time and may not be understood by biological and
    • social pressures of the moment

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