The class of sex hormones that predominate in males; they are produced by the testes in males and by the adrenal glands in both males and females.
An eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation.
A model emphasizing that the key to the adaptiveness of positive emotional states lies in their effects on our attention and our ability to build resources.
An eating disorder in which the individual consistently follows a binge-and-purge eating pattern.
Theory stating that emotion and physiological reactions occur simultaneously.
The release of anger or aggressive energy by directly or vicariously engaging in anger or aggression; the catharsis hypothesis states that behaving angrily or watching others behave angrily reduces subsequent anger.
Sociocultural standards that determine when, where, and how emotions should be expressed.
An aroused state that occurs because of a physiological need.
Feeling, or affect, that can involve physiological arousal, conscious experience, and behavioral expression.
The main class of female sex hormones, produced principally by the ovaries.
Motivation that involves external incentives such as rewards and punishments.
facial feedback hypothesis
The idea that facial expressions can influence emotions as well as reflect them.
hierarchy of needs
Maslow's view that individuals' main needs are satisfied in the following sequence: physiological, safety, love and belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization.
The body's tendency to maintain an equilibrium, or steady state.
human sexual response pattern
Identified by Masters and Johnson, the four phases of physical reactions that occur in humans as a result of sexual stimulation. These phases are excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
An innate (unlearned), biological pattern of behavior that is assumed to be universal throughout a species.
Motivation that is based on internal factors such as organismic needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness), as well as curiosity, challenge, and effort.
Theory stating that emotion results from physiological states triggered by stimuli in the environment.
The force that moves people to behave, think, and feel the way they do.
A deprivation that energizes the drive to eliminate or reduce the deprivation.
A machine that monitors bodily changes thought to be influenced by emotional states; it is used by examiners to try to determine whether someone is lying.
The highest and most elusive of Maslow's needs; the motivation to develop one's full potential as a human being.
A theory of motivation that proposes that three basic, organismic needs (competence, autonomy, and relatedness) characterize intrinsic motivation.
The process by which an organism pursues important objectives, centrally involving getting feedback about how we are doing in our goal pursuits.
The weight maintained when no effort is made to gain or lose weight.
The direction of the person's erotic interests, whether heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual.
two-factor theory of emotion
Schachter and Singer's theory that emotion is determined by two main factors: physiological arousal and cognitive labeling.
Principle stating that performance is best under conditions of moderate arousal rather than low or high arousal