In which ways did we, in class, challenge
In Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt, Erickson states that children need this time to develop independence and mainly play alone out of the mother's presence. If they do not do this they develop a sense of shame and doubt in their abilities. This is tested because in a Peruvian community children spend most of their time in the presence of their mom and they develop normally. Then in Identity and role confusion, adolescents can either develop an strong sense of self or become confused about their identity. Opposed to this is Margaret Mead who found that the emotional upheaval of American girls are not universal and non existent in other societies.