Connective Tissues

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    Loose areolar connective tissue

    • Functions:
    • Wraps and cushions organs, macrophages phagocytize bacteria, plays important role in inflammation, holds and conveys tissue fluid.

    • Location:
    • Widely distributed under epithelia of body, packages organs, surrounds capillaries.
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    Adipose connective tissue

    • Function:
    • Provides reserve food fuel, insulates against heat loss, supports and protects organs.

    • Location:
    • Under skin, around kidneys and eyeballs, within abdomen, in breasts.
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    Reticular connective tissue

    • Function:
    • Fibers form a soft internal skeleton (stroma) that supports other cell types.

    • Location:
    • Lymphoid organs (lymph nodes, bone marrow, and spleen).
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    Dense connective tissue

    • Function:
    • Able to withstand tension exerted in many directions, provides structural strength.

    • Location:
    • Dermis of the skin, submucosa of digestive tract, fibrous capsules of organs and of joints.
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    Dense regular connective tissue

    • Function:
    • Attaches muscles to bones or to muscles, attaches bones to bones, withstands great tensile stress when pulling force is applied in one direction.

    • Location:
    • Tendons, most ligaments, aponeuroses.
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    Connective tissue: Hyaline cartilage

    • Function:
    • Supports and reinforces, has resilient cushioning properties, resists compressive stress.

    • Location:
    • Forms most of the embryonic skeleton, covers the ends of long bones in joint cavities, forms costal cartilages of the ribs, cartilages of the nose, trachea, and larynx.
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    Connective tissue: Elastic cartilage

    • Function:
    • Maintains the shape of a structure while allowing great flexibility.

    • Location:
    • Supports the external ear (pinna), epiglottis.
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    Connective tissue: Fibrocartilage

    • Function:
    • Tensile strength with the ability to absorb compressive shock.

    • Location:
    • Inervertebral discs, pubic symphysis, discs of knee joint.
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    Connective tissue: Bone

    • Function:
    • Supports and protects, provides levers for the muscles to act on, stores calcium and other minerals and fat, marrow inside bones is the site for blood cell formation.

    • Location:
    • Bones
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    Connective tissue: Blood

    • Function:
    • Transport of respiratory gases, nutrients, wastes, and other substances.

    • Location:
    • Contained within blood vessels.
Card Set:
Connective Tissues
2010-10-24 23:58:47
Anatomy cell histology

ZOO 3733 Test 3
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