Art History Vocabulary (Greek)

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Anonymous
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44659
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Art History Vocabulary (Greek)
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2010-10-25 11:57:57
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Vocabulary art history
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Greek Art History Vocabulary
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  1. Period in which Athens began to develop as a major center of ceramic production, creating both sculpture and vessels decorated with organized abstract designs.
    Geometric
  2. Period in which Greeks were influenced by style of Eastern artists, drawing on work in a variety of media to invent a new approach to painting vessels.
    Orientalizing
  3. Period in 7th century BCE/late 6th century BCE in which Greek culture began to take off in terms of visual arts, philosophy, and architecture.
    Archaic
  4. Mid to late 5th century BCE, high point of Greek culture
    Classical
  5. 4th century BCE to 330 BCE, Civil wars start
    Late Classical
  6. 3rd century-1st century BCE, empire begins to fall apart.
    Hellenistic
  7. Funerary vase
    Krater
  8. Ancient Greek jar for storing oil or wine, with an egg-shaped body and two curved handles.
    Amphora
  9. Orientalized pattern meandering winding an object
    Meander pattern
  10. Greek for "young man". Free-standing votive statues found marking graves and in sanctuaries.
    kouros (koroi)
  11. Greek for "young woman". Female counterpart of Kouros
    Kore (korai)
  12. Draped rectangle of cloth pinned at the shoulders and belted to give a bloused effect
    Peplos
  13. Form of clothing worn from the Archaic period (c. 750–c. 500 BC) to the Hellenistic period (323–30 BC). 
    Chiton
  14. Form of clothing worn over a chiton
    Himation
  15. Row of columns that surrounded the main room
    Peristyle
  16. Accessible from all sides
    Peripteral
  17. Main room in a greek temple
    Cella (Naos)
  18. Entrance (enclosed vestibule)
    Pronaos (narthex)
  19. Fluted column
    Doric
  20. More slender fluted column, with a sculpted capital resting on a base
    Ionic
  21. Fluted column with a highly sculpted capital (acanthus leaves)
    Corinthian
  22. Column components of a Doric order
    shaft + capital
  23. The part that the column holds up; contains the cornice, frieze, and metopes.
    Entablature
  24. Carved piece of the entablature, contains relief molds
    Frieze
  25. Rectangular block between the metopes of a doric frieze.
    Triglyph
  26. Carved or painted rectangular panel between the triglyphs of a doric frieze
    Metope
  27. Uppermost section of a Classic entablature
    Cornice
  28. Triangular gable found over major architectural elements; formed by an entablature at the ends of a raking cornice.
    Pediment
  29. Column components of an Ionic order
    Base + shaft + capital

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