Listed below are several of the auditors general obj. in performing substantive procedures on an asset account, indicate the gen. objective of each of the following audit procedures
Observation of the client’s physical inventory primarily provides evidence related to the existence assertion. To a lesser degree it establishes valuation in that damaged or slow-moving inventory items may be identified for possible lower-of-cost-or-market testing. It may also provide evidence about cut-off of purchases and sales.
Physical inspection of equipment items listed in the plant ledger serves to establish the existence of the assets. It does not, however, establish rights to those assets.
- Obtaining a listing of inventory and reconciling the total to the general ledger establishes a population to be
- tested for valuation
- Tracing shipping documents to recorded sales is designed to establish the completeness
- of recorded accounts receivable. It also provides evidence about the cut-off of sales transactions.
Identifying related parties is performed to determine the appropriate financial statement presentation and disclosure of the assets.
Vouching selected purchases of securities establishes existence of, rights to, and valuation (cost) of the securities. It may also provide some evidence about the cut-off of security transactions.