AP GOV- Chapter 9 vocab
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A meeting, especially a preliminary meeting, of persons belonging to a party, to nominate candidates for public office, or to select delegates to a nominating convention, or to confer regarding measures of party policy; a political primary meeting.
Advertising mail, also known as direct mail, junk mail, or admail, is the delivery of advertising material to recipients of postal mail.
Committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates.
a United States federal law which increased disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns, and amended in 1974 to place legal limits on the campaign contributions.
Federal election campaign act.
An independent regulatory agency that was founded in 1975 by the United States Congress to regulate thecampaign finance legislation in the United States. It was created in a provision of the 1975 amendment to the Federal Election Campaign Act. It describes its duties as "to disclose campaign finance information, to enforce the provisions of the law such as the limits and prohibitions on contributions, and to oversee the public funding of Presidential elections."
Federal Election Commission (FEC)
The tendency, which has become apparent in recent years, for states to move their primaries and caucuses forward, in an attempt to be among the first states holding a nominating contest.
Formally known as Commission on Party Structure and Delegate Selection was a commission created in response to the tumultuous 1968 Democratic National Convention. Soon after Richard Nixon's electoral victory, the 28-member commission was selected by Senator Fred R. Harris, who was then the Chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Senator George McGovern and later Representative Donald M. Fraser chaired the commission, which is how the commission received its name. McGovern resigned from the commission in 1971 in order to run for president, but would eventually lose the election.
Where delegates go vote for a presidential candidate.
National party convention
A proposed system for conducting the United States presidential primaries and caucuses, in which all of the primaries and caucuses would occur on the same day (not currently the case).
Also known as a manifesto, is a list of the actions which a political party supports in order to appeal to the general public for the purpose of having said party's candidates voted into office. This often takes the form of a list of support for, or opposition to, controversial topics. Individual topics are often called planks of the platform.
Party Platform and planks
One of the first steps in the process of electing the President of the United States of America. The primary elections are run by state and local governments, while caucuses are private events run by the political parties. A state primary election usually is an indirect election: instead of voters directly selecting a particular person running for president, it determines how many delegates to each party's national convention each candidate will receive from the state.
A proposed system for reform of the United States presidential primary process. Under the plan, the country would be divided into four regions. The plan is being promoted by the National Association of Secretaries of State
Rotating Regional Primary System
An informal term commonly used for some of the delegates to the Democratic National Convention, the presidential nominating convention of the United States Democratic Party.
Political contributions made in such a way as to avoid the United States regulations for federal election campaigns (as by contributions to a political action committee)
The federal government will match up to $250 of an individual's total contributions to an eligible candidate.
Every Presidential election since 1976 has been financed at least in part with public funds. A public funding law was passed in 1966, but later repealed. Following that, the FECA and the Revenue Act (establishing the Fund and allowing taxpayers to designate one of their tax dollars to finance presidential elections) were passed in 1971. It was not until 1974, however, that amendments to the FECA established the system and spending limits for publicly financed presidential elections.
Presidential election campaign fund
The way in which a candidate attempts to manipulate money, media attention, and momentum
to achieve the nomination.
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