What is contained in the blood that is pumped out of the left ventricle?
A full supply of oxygen
In what pattern does the heart contract?
Both atria, then both ventricles
Together, what are the interior lining of the heart, the valves and the large vessels of the heart called?
Valve flaps prevent the backflow of blood from the pulmonary artery into what?
What is the name of the normal period in the heart cycle during which the muscle fibers lengthen, the heart dilates, and the cavities fill with blood (roughly the period of relaxation)?
Where does the right atrium receive blood from?
Superior and inferior venae cavae and coronary sinus
What does a nurse observe in a patient receiving heparin therapy?
Emesis, urine and stools for blood
In HF, what does an increase in abdominal girth, increase in total body weight, and pitting edema indicate?
What should a nurse include in the teaching to a patient diagnosed with hypertension?
Education on continuing to take antihypertensive meds as prescribed.
Why should IVs of older patients be monitored carefully?
They may get a fluid overload of the circulatory system
What are the nursing interventions of a patient diagnose with acute infective endocarditis?
Restricted activity for several weeks.
What should a patient do to decrease the pain from angina pectoris?
Take nitroglycerin sublingually at the first sign of chest discomfort.
What would patient teaching for arterial occlusive disorder include?
The importance of avoiding exposure to cold and chilling
What should a postmyocardial patient being prepared for discharge be instructed to do?
Begin a cardiac rehab program
What are dependent edema of the extremities, enlargement of the liver, oliguria, jugular vein and abdominal distention signs and symptoms of?
Right-sided heart failure
What is the primary function of patient teaching following a myocardial infarction?
To assist the patient to develop a healthy lifestyle
What is an important nursing intervention when caring for a patient with remote telemetry?
Never remove telemetry and allow patient to shower unless physician has written the order to allow a shower
What are the signs and symptoms of cardiogenic shock?
Decreasing blood pressure and weak, rapid pulse
What are some modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease?
High cholesterol, obesity
What is the name of the neurohormone released from the left ventricle in response to volume expansion and pressure overload that has emerged as the blood marker for the identification of individuals with CHF?
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)
What is the normal range for B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)?
0 to 100 pg/ml
What is a myocardial muscle protein released into circulation after myocardial injury and is useful in diagnosing a myocardial infarction?
What typical vital signs will display in a patient presenting with a myocardial infarction?
Hypertension, tachycardia, weakened pulse, temperature elevation
What are the signs and symptoms of angina?
Syncope, fatigue and dyspnea with exertion
What is the impulse pattern of the cardiac conduction system?
SA node, AV node, Bundle of His, Right and left bundle branches, Purkinje fibers
What is the diagnostic test that allows observation of real time movement via radiography?
What cardiac markers is specific to the heart, not influenced by skeletal muscle trauma or renal failure, and rises 3 hours following a myocardial infarction?
How does an older cardiac patient is different from the younger cardiac patient?
Even with lower doses of medications, the older adult should be observed for signs and symptoms of toxicity.
What is a modifiable risk factor in a patient at risk for cardiovascular disease?
What is the most serious type of dysrhythmia?
What would a nurse do when caring for a patient with a new pacemaker?
Monitor the heart rate and rhythm by apical pulse and ECG patterns
What nursing care is followed for a patient with myocardial infarction?
Bedrest with commode privileges for 24 to 48 hours.
What should the nurse plan to do to enable a patient to best tolerate ambulation following cardiac surgery?
Premedicate the patient with an analgesic before ambulating
What should the nurse first check if there is no electrocardiographic complexes in a patient wearing a continuous cardiac monitor?
Check the client status and lead placement
Why would a physician perform carotid massage on a patient with a diagnosis of rapid rate atrial fibrillation?
The procedure may stimulate the vagus nerve to slow the heart rate.
What observation would be of highest priority to the nurse of a patient following cardioversion?
Status of airway
How should the nurse ensure she does not dislodge the pacing catheter in a patient immediately after insertion of a pacemaker into the right subclavian vein?
Limit movement and abduction of the right arm
What would the nurse check for in a patient with complaints of claudication and superficial thrombophlebitis of the lower leg?
What breath sounds would a nurse expect to hear in a patient with myocardial infarction who suddenly becomes tachycardic and shows signs of air hunger?
What characteristics would a nurse note on a client with a diagnosis of right-sided heart failure?
What observation would indicate that a pericardiocentisis was unsuccessful?
Distant and muffled heart sounds
A family member who has a cardiovascular problem before what age places the patient at a greater risk for developing cardiovascular disease?
Before 50 years of age
What sex is at a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease?
What culture has a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease?
What are modifiable risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease?