DH Theory

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Author:
sthomp88
ID:
44837
Filename:
DH Theory
Updated:
2010-12-14 16:08:18
Tags:
chapter ten
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Description:
oral examination
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  1. a physical examination technique consisting of a systematic inspection of the oral structures
    ora examination
  2. When detected at early stages, oral cancer has a/an_________survival rate
    80%
  3. How many of oral cancers are diagnosed in the early stage at present?
    1/3
  4. true or false. It is necessary to take a history of each patient's tobacco and alcohol use?
    true
  5. oral cancer is the_______________deadliest cancer in the united states.
    sixth
  6. of the oral structures, which is the one with the highest incident site of oral cancer?
    the tongue
  7. At what age does the incident of oral cancer risk peak?
    ages 55-74
  8. true or false. Men are 2 times more likely to develop oral cancer than women?
    true
  9. true or false. Exposure to sunlight is a risk factor for lip cancer?
    true
  10. name 8 symptoms our pts may complain of that could indicate oral cancer
    • soreness
    • lump or thickening
    • numbness in tongue or other areas
    • something caught in throat or hoarseness
    • difficulty chewing or swallowing
    • ear pain
    • difficulty moving jaw or tongue
    • swelling of jaw that causes dentures to fit poorly
  11. list the 7 sub groups that need to be checked in an intraoral exam
    • lips and vermillion border
    • oral cavity and mucosal surface
    • underlying structures of lips and cheeks
    • floor of mouth
    • salivary gland function
    • tongue
    • palatal tonsils and oropharynx
  12. What position should pt be in when doing an intraoral examination?
    supine
  13. What is the equipment needed for an intraoral examination?
    • gloves
    • protective eye wear for pt and clinician
    • 2x2 gauze
    • cotton tip applicator
    • dental mirror
  14. Noteable findings of lips and vermillion border
    • change in shape or texture
    • chapped or cracked lips
    • pigment changes or variation in color
    • lip pits
    • irregular vermillion border
    • lips that don't meet at rest
    • herpetic lesions
    • soft tissue lesions
    • swelling
    • asymmetrical mouth
  15. noteable findings of mucosal surfaces
    • change in color or texture
    • swelling
    • trauma
    • lesions
    • pale, reddened, or dry mucosa
    • linea alba
    • leukoplakia
  16. What technique is used to examine the lips?
    bidigital
  17. Noteable findings of underlying structures of lips and cheeks
    • swellings or nodules
    • changes in texture
    • tenderness upon palpation
  18. Noteable findings in the floor of mouth
    • change in color or texture
    • lesions or other surface abnormalities
    • swelling, especially unilateral
    • swelling due to salivary calculi or stones
    • leukoplakia
    • palpate for hard areas or discomfort
  19. palpation technique for floor of mouth
    bimanual
  20. Why is it helpful to use a damp 2x2 gauze for inspecting the tongue and floor of mouth?
    so the tongue won't slip, and wet the gauze so it doesn't stick to their tongue
  21. What are noteable findings of the salivary gland function?
    • swellings in the floor of mouth from blocked saliva glands or ducts or trauma
    • xerostomia (dry mouth)
  22. What are noteable findings of the tongue?
    • ulceration
    • lesions or swellings
    • nodules detectable upon palpation
    • variation in size, color, or texture
    • accumulated food debris may produce inflammation or bad smell
    • asymmetrical shape
    • dry mouth
    • papillae absent
    • fissured or pebbly dorsal surface
    • macroglossia
    • ankyloglossia
    • black hairy tongue with some antibiotics
  23. noteable findings of the palate
    • swelling
    • lesions
    • tumors
    • cleft palate
    • changes in color
    • changes in texture common in smokers
    • tobacco chewers patch
    • ulcer
    • trauma
  24. noteable findings of tonsils
    • inflamed tonsils
    • enlarged tonsils
    • areas of pus evident
  25. noteable findings of oropharynx
    • markedly reddened and inflammed
    • sore throat
    • discomfort when swallowing or eating
  26. noteable findings of uvula
    deviates from midline
  27. easy to see where lesion begins and ends
    well-demarcated border
  28. difficult to see where lesion begins and ends
    poorly-demarcated border
  29. uniform border
    regularly shaped
  30. border not uniform
    irregularly shaped
  31. types of lesion patterns
    • single or multiple
    • discrete
    • grouped
    • confluent
    • linear
  32. flat dicolored spot, less than 1 cm in size
    macule
  33. flat discolored spot larger than 1 cm in size
    patch
  34. solid raised lesion, less than 1 cm in size
    papule
  35. superficial raised lesion, larger than 1 cm in diameter
    plaque
  36. marble-like lesion, larger than 1 cm in diameter
    nodule
  37. localized area of skin edema
    wheal
  38. small blister filled with clear fluid less than 1 cm in size
    vesicle
  39. larger fluid filled lesion larger than 1 cm in diameter
    bulla
  40. small raised lesion filled with pus
    pustule
  41. loss of top layer of skin of mucosa
    erosion
  42. craterlike lesion where top 2 layers of skin or mucosa are lost
    ulcer
  43. a linear crack
    fissure

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