Card Set Information
Pedi Maternity Quiz 1
Infants _______ their birth weight by 6 months
their birth weight by 6 months
Infants _______ their birth weight by 1 year
their birth weight by 1 year
Infants increase their height ____ in the first year
Infants increase their height
in the first year.
By the end of the first year, the brain is already _________ of it's adult size.
By the end of the first year, the brain is already
of it's adult size.
Chest circumfrence gains 2cm to equal head circumfrence by _____.
Chest circumfrence gains 2cm to equal head circumfrence by
(maybe even 6mo)
Heart rate changes during childhood
Blood pressure changes during childhood
(shows the heart is becoming more efficient)
Respiratory rate slows from _____ to _____ in the first year
Respiratory rate slows from
in the first year
Why do infants easily get upper respiratory infections?
The lumen (tubal cavity) is small and doesn't have much mucus to clear out germs.
Infant's gastrointestinal tract:
lacks amylase, needed to digest carbohydrates
can digest protein, to a point
Infants's liver and kidney systems:
immature, may not process medication efficiently
Infant's immune system is functional at ___
Infant's immune system is functional
from head to toe
Ventral suspension position development
when held horizontally, in midair
newborn allows the head to hang
1mo lifts head momentarily
2mo holds the head on the same plane as the body
Prone position development
newborns can turn their head from side to side for easier breathing
2mo can lift their head and turn, can maintain position
3mo can lift head and shoulders
4mo can lift head, shoulders, and chest, and roll front to back
9mo can creep
when an infant turn the head to the side, the shoulders, trunk, and pelvis turn in that direction, too, rolling sideways
from lying on their front to their back
happens at 4 months
Sitting position development
1-3mo had head lag (doesn't pick up head when being lifted into sitting position), needs to be propped
4mo has no head lag
6mo can sit momentarily without support
8mo can sit independently
Standing position development
3mo try to support part of their weight
9mo can stand while holding onto a support
11mo can "cruise"
- walk while holding onto objects
ability to bring thumb and fingers together
develops at 4mo
How old is an infant when they can start to hold a spoon and feed themselves?
How old is an infant when they can transfer toys between hands?
ability to bring thumb and first finger together
occurs at 10mo
Infants can draw in a semistraight line at _____
Infants can draw in a semistraight line at
1mo - cooing sounds
2mo - differentiate a cry
4mo - very "talkative"
5mo - vowel sounds "goo-goo"
9mo - first word "da-da"
12mo - put two words together
4mo need room to move and roll
5mo need objects to explore
8mo sensitive to textures
1-2mo midline, center focus
3mo can track things (hand regard)
4mo recognize familiar objects
6mo depth perception, reaching
10mo object permanence
3-4mo will turn towards sound
10mo can recognize name
4mo recognize primary caregiver
6-7mo fear of strangers
9mo very aware of tone of voice
fear of strangers
Car seat safety
rear-facing car seat until 20lbs AND 1yr
5 point harness until 40lbs
When do infants begin teething?
Introducing solid foods
recommend continuing nursing for 1 full year
introduce foods 1 at a time, 1 per week
5-6mo fortified rice cereal w/ breastmilk
then veggies, fruit, meat and egg yolk
a paroxysmal (sudden attack) abdominal pain
generally occurs in infants under 3 months
loud, intense crying
prickly heat rash
carbohydrate in formula solutions demineralize tooth enamel until tooth decays
teach parents not to put the baby to bed with a bottle (especially full of milk)
replace milk with warm water if necessary to sleep
forward curve of the spine at the sacral area
occurs in young toddlers, they then grow out of it
the side-by-side play of toddlers
haven't yet learned how to play
provide duplicate toys to avoid arguments
18-24mo toddlers can remember an action and imitate it later
toddlers cannot change their thoughts to fit a situation, so they change their perception of a situation to fit their thoughts
Toddler's feeding habits...
Toddler's feeding habits are less than an infant, due to their decreased growth rate
(maintain whole milk until 2yrs old)
Physical growth of a preschooler...
future body types become apparent - extomorphic (slim) or endomorphic (large)
right/left handedness becomes apparent
Children should have all 20 deciduous teeth by age __
Children should have all 20 deciduous teeth by age
Children can differentiate between real and imaginary when they are _________
Children can differentiate between real and imaginary when they are
Oedipus and Electra complexes
: an emotional attachment a preschool boy has towards his mother; competes with his father
: an emotional attachment a preschool girl has towards her father; competes with her mother
How old are children when they begin to enjoy competitive play?
10 year old
Elements of concrete operational thought:
develops in school-age
Formal operational thought
the ability to think in abstract terms and use the scientific method to arrive at conclusions
begins at age 12 or 13
fetal growth from ovulation to fertilization
fetal growth from fertilization to implantation
fetal growth from implantation to 5-8 weeks
fetal growth from 5-8 weeks until term
a hollow sphere of cells that forms early in fetal development
attaches to the uterine endometrium
the outer layer of the blastocyst
cells in the outer ring and will become the placenta and membranes
after fertilization, the endometrium grows in thickness and vascularity
called the decidua
Erikson's psychosocial stages
: trust vs. mistrust
: autonomy vs. shame/doubt
: initiative vs. guilt
: industry vs. inferiority
: identity vs. role confusion
Freud's psychosexual stages
: latent (dormant)
Piaget's theory of cognitive development
: sensorimotor (object permanence)
: preoperational (learn to represent objects with words, images, drawings. Egocentric)
: preoperational (intuitive thought, lacks conservation, lacks reversilibity, use assimilation/accomodation, egocentric)
: concrete operational thought
: formal operational thought (abstract)
What age to infants develop object permanence?
What age can infants recognize familiar people/objects?
What age can infants try to support their own weight?
What age do infants begin to "cruise"?
When can an infant recognize their own name?
primary circular reaction
: 3mo explores environment with hands and mouth
secondary circular reaction
: 6mo understands that actions can initiate pleasurable sensations
coordination of secondary schema
: 10mo develops object permanence
tertiary circular reaction
: 12-18mo toddler is a "little scientist"
the absence of ovulation
most common cause of subfertility in women
the implantatino of uterine endometrium that have spread from the interior of the uterus to locations outside the uterus
McDonald's rule of symphysis-fundal height
the distance from the uterine fundus to the symphysis pubis in centimeters is equal to the week of gestation between the 20th and 31st weeks of pregancy
Rhythm strip testing
assessment of the fetal heart rate for baseline rate and the degree of variability present
should jump 20bpm when infant moves, showing variability
measures the response of the fetal heart rate to fetal movement
At what age can infants start eating solid food?