test3

Card Set Information

Author:
allie90
ID:
45014
Filename:
test3
Updated:
2010-10-26 02:58:51
Tags:
anatomy physiology
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Description:
bone structures, bone fractures, integumentary system,
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  1. How many bones in the adult skeleton
    206
  2. how many bones in the appendicular skeleton?
    126
  3. how many bones in the axial skeleton?
    80
  4. axial:
    • skull - 22
    • osicles(6)
    • hyoid(1)
    • sternum - 1
    • vertebral column - 26

    • ribs - 24
    • true (1-7)
    • false (8-10)
    • floating (11, 12)
  5. cervical region:
    7 vertebrae C1 - C7

    • C1- atlas
    • C2 - axis
  6. thoracic region:
    12 vertebrae T1 - T12
  7. Lumbar region:
    5 vertebrae L1 - L5
  8. Sacrum:
    • 1 sacrum but with 5 fused vertebrae
    • S1 - S5
  9. coccygeal region:
    1 coccyx but may be 4 or 5 small fused bones
  10. upper girdle:
    • clavicle (2)
    • scapula (2)
  11. upper appendages:
    • total bones: 60
    • humerus(2)
    • radius(2)
    • ulna(2)
    • carpals(16)
    • metacarpals(10)
    • phalanges(28)
  12. lower girdle:
    os coxae (2)
  13. lower appendages:
    • total bones: 60
    • femur(2)
    • tibia(2)
    • fibula(2)
    • patella(2)
    • tarsals(14)
    • metatarsals(10)
    • phalanges(28)
  14. what is part of the integumentary system?
    hair, nails, skin
  15. epidermis consist of 5 strata, which are:
    • stratum corneum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum granulosum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum basale
  16. which strata is only found in thick skin?
    stratum lucidum
  17. the hair root is made of the:
    • medulla
    • cortex
    • cuticle
  18. comminuted fracture

    • 3 or more peices of bone
    • older people
  19. spiral fracture

    common is sports injuries
  20. depressed fracture

    • broken bone portion is pushed inward
    • typical skull fracture
  21. compression fracture

    • bone is crushed
    • due to extreme trauma
  22. epiphyseal fracture

    • break occurs where the epiphyseal plate is
    • occurs whre cartilage cells are dying and calcification of bone matrix is occuring
  23. greenstick fracture

    • common in young children
    • bone breaks but not completly, but it is still bent

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