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I Nun verbs vary from the standard paradigm (of perfect and imperfect qal) how?
When the nun of the root is followed by a non-guttural consonant, the nun assimilates into that consonant.
For I Nun verbs, the paradigm is the same for which (qal. pf. or impf.)?
What happens to I Nun verbs in the qal imperfect?
The nun is followed by a consonant in all forms, thus is assimilates into the consonant following it and is represented by a strong dagesh.
How does the qal imperfect of lamed-qof-chet act? And, what is the theme vowel, and why?
Like a I Nun verb. The theme vowel is a patach, because the last consonant is a guttural.
How do III Hey qal perfect verbs differ from the normal pattern?
- The 3ms has qamets-hey as the ending
- Most forms have a chireq-yod after the second root letter
- Since the tav is preceded by a vowel, the weak dagesh is lost
- The 3fs has two feminine endings: tav and qamets-hey
How do III Hey qal imperfect verbs differ from the normal pattern?
- The ending segol-hey is found on half the forms
- The 2fs, 3mp, and 2mp attach the vocalic suffix to the second/final root letter
- The 3fp and 2fp have a segol-yod after the second/final root letter and before the nun-qamets-hey suffix
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