Ch 11

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Author:
kuglej23
ID:
45113
Filename:
Ch 11
Updated:
2010-10-26 11:01:15
Tags:
development
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psy
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  1. Adolescence
    - when does this end and adulthood begin
  2. G. Stanley Hall
    • - Father of adolescent psychology
    • - "Storm and Stress"
    • - moody and untrustworthy
  3. Anna Frued
    • - psychological aspect
    • - ego/id
    • - increase in defense expansion
  4. Sigmund Freud
    - increase libido
  5. Erikson
    • - psychosocial
    • - identity crisis is the stage that adolescence go though
    • - saw as a time to experiment with a variety of many identity's - main task of adolescence is to maintain an identity
    • - choose and repudiate values
  6. John Hill
    • - bio psychosocial
    • - bio: genital maturation, pubertal timing, physical growth
    • - psycho: detachment - autonomy, sexuality, intimacy, achievement motivation and behavior
    • - social: gender identity, ethnicity - race, social class
    • - shift from dependence to interdependence
    • - peers support your behavior - move around to find this
    • - intimacy: mature emotionally and cognitively to have that with another person - begins (learned) with same sex friends then moves on to members of the opposite sex - them move into intimate relationship
    • - integration intimacy and sex is a goal of adolescence
  7. Adolescence
    • - is not a time of turmoil for most teenagers
    • - Communication is very important
    • - Time of transition
    • - they need good information
  8. When does adolescence begin
    • - bio: best predictor for onset of puberty is increase in hormones
    • Puberty - relatively abrupt and qualitatively different set of physical changes that normally occur at the beginning of the teen years
    • menarche (first period)(pg. 292): 200 years ago at age 17, 100 years ago 15, now 12.5 years --->
    • secular age (trend)(pg. 303): phenomenon (in recent centuries) of adolescents entering puberty sooner and growing taller and heavier
    • - psycho:
    • - social:
  9. Adolescent Egocentrism
    reversion to self-centered thinking patterns of childhood that sometimes occurs in the teen years
  10. Imaginary audience
    • adolescents' perception that the world is constantly scrutinizing their behavior and physical appearance.
    • - Formal Operations: (Piaget's) abstract thought
  11. Personal Fable
    • adolescents' tendency to think of themselves in heroic or mythical terms
    • - medially constructive autobiography, the "its not gonna happen to me"
    • - risk taking
  12. Brains of teenagers are different from adults
    • - this may explain why teens are so emotional
    • Amygdala: larger role in teen emotions
    • Prefrontal lobe: larger role in adult emotions
    • Parietal and Frontal lobe: growth spurts
  13. Abstract Thought
    • Piaget
    • - reason and logic
    • - concrete -> abstract (consequences of actions)
  14. High School
    • - 3 possible stressers:
    • 1. Academic achievement
    • 2. Pressure to Date
    • 3. Pressure to smoke, drink, and do drugs

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