fetal us 2.txt

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Author:
tyvachon
ID:
45142
Filename:
fetal us 2.txt
Updated:
2010-10-26 13:59:51
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radiology resident ultrasound
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radiology resident ultrasound
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  1. Fetal Ultrasound 2
  2. Ascites
    • Hydrops *
    • Urine Ascites (From Bladder Rupture)
    • Meconium Peritonitis/ GI Tract Perforation (Scattered Calcifications)
    • Infection
  3. Hydrops =
    Pleural Effusions, Pericardial Effusions,Skin Edema/Thickening and Cystic Hygroma
  4. Causes of Hydrops=
    Immune (Rh Incompatibility) Non-Immune (Cardiac Structure or Rhythm, Idiopathic, Peripheral Shunt, Chromosomal, TORCH Infections)
  5. Skin Thickening
    • Edema from Hydrops
    • Diabetic Mothers (Abdomen and Trunk)
    • Downs (Nuchal Thickening)
  6. Disrupted Abdominal Wall (Physiologic 8-12 weeks)
    • Omphalocele (Midline with Covering Membrane, Trisomy 18)
    • Gastroschisis (Right Lateral, NO Covering Membrane)
    • Ectopic Cordis
    • Limb Body Wall Complex (Severe and Widespread Defects, No Umbilical Cord- Placenta Directly Attached to Herniated Viscera)
    • Pentalogy of Cantrell (Midline *Omphalocele, Ectopic Cordis, Diaphragmatic Hernia, Cardiac Malformation, Sternal Cleft)
    • Bladder or Cloacal Exstrophy (Infraumbilical)
  7. Incomplete Mineralization of the Skull
    • OI
    • Hypophosphatasia
    • Achondrogenesis, Type 1
  8. Fractures
    • OI
    • Hypophosphatasia
    • Achondrogenesis
  9. Polydactaly
    • Familial
    • Trisomy 18 and 13
    • Meckel-Gruber Syndrome
  10. Cloverleaf Skull
    • Craniosynostosis
    • Thanatophoric Dwarfism
  11. Fetal Chest Mass
    • Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
    • Pulmonary Sequestration (Wedge Shaped, Echogenic)
    • CCAM (Type I are Cystic, Type III are Echogenic)
    • Congenital Lobar Emphysema (LUL > RML > RUL)
    • Bronchogenic Cyst
    • Neurenteric Cyst
    • Bronchial Atresia
  12. Placental Abnormalities
    • Previa (Marginal, Partial or Complete; 3rd Trimester Diagnosis)
    • Abruption (Marginal = Subchorionic Hemorrhage, Central = Retroplacental Hemorrhage)
    • Accreta (Abnormal Adherence to Uterine Wall)
    • Increta (Abnormal Invasion into Uterine Wall)
    • Percreta (Abnormal Penetration through Uterine Wall)
    • Tumors (Rare)

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