slide 9-10

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slide 9-10
2010-11-02 14:40:06
arch history

arch history
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    • Iktinos and Kallikrates, archs.
    • Parthenon, Acropolis of Athens,
    • 448-432 BC
    • Erechtheion
    • Acropolis of Athens
    • ca. 421-407 BC

    • “Porch of the Maidens,” Erechtheion,
    • Acropolis of Athens,
    • ca. 421-407 BC
  1. This holiday of great antiquity is believed to have been the observance of Athena's birthday and honored the goddess as the city's patron divinity, Athena Polias ('Athena of the city').
    Festival of the Panathenaia
  2. architects of the parthenon
    Ictinus and Callicrates
  3. an Athenian statesman, strategos, and major political figure in mid-5th century BC Greece. played a key role in creating the powerful Athenian maritime empire following the failure of the Persian invasion of Greece by Xerxes I in 480-479 BC
  4. a prominent and influential statesman, orator, and general of Athens during the city's Golden Age.
  5. a Greek sculptor, painter and architect, who lived in the 5th century BC
    designed the statues of the goddess Athena on the Athenian Acropolis,
  6. Athena as goddess of victory
    Athena Nike
  7. Athena the virgin
    Athena Parthenos
  8. Athena of the city
    Athena Polias
  9. Athena who fights in the front line
    Athena Promachos
  10. Greek, “high city.” The upper citadel of a Greek city, usually the site where important temples were erected.
  11. a sculptured female figure used as a column, as on the Erechtheion at the Acropolis of Athens.
  12. armory at the Acropolis in Athens, holding the arms of the goddess Athena, as well as votive offerings
  13. in Greek architecture, the stepped platform upon which the superstructure of a building is erected. The uppermost level of the crepidoma is the stylobate. The lower levels are called the stereobate.
  14. slight convex curve to the profile of a column
  15. Greek, young woman. An Archaic Greek statuary type depicting a young woman.
  16. Greek, young man. An Archaic Greek statuary type depicting a young man.
  17. a simple long woolen belted garment worn by ancient Greek women.
  18. Greek, picture gallery. At the Acropolis of Athens this room of the Propylaea contained a picture gallery and functioned as a rest lounge for visitors
  19. Greek, city.
  20. Greco-Persian Wars
    . 499-448 BC
  21. Peloponnesian War
    432-404 BC
    • Polykleitos the Younger,
    • Theater,
    • Epidauros, Greece,
    • ca. 350 BC
    • Choragic Monument of Lysikrates,
    • Athens,
    • ca. 335 BC
    • Agora at Athens,
    • later fifth century BC;
    • rebuilt second century BC
  22. Stoa of Attalos II, Athens, 159-132 BC
    • Iktinos, arch.,
    • Temple of Apollo Epicurius,
    • Bassae, Greece,
    • ca. 450-425 BC
    • Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes, sculps.,
    • Laocoön and His Sons,
    • from Rome,
    • marble,
    • early first century AD
    • Paionios of Ephesos and Daphnis of Miletos, archs.,
    • Temple of Apollo,
    • Didyma, Turkey,
    • begun 313 BC
  23. City plan of Priene, Turkey, fourth century BC
  24. Altar of Zeus, Pergamon, Turkey, ca. 181-159 BC
  25. considered to be the “father” of urban planning, the namesake of Hippodamian plan of city layouts (grid plan)
    Hippodamus of Miletus
  26. the open meeting place or market place in an ancient Greek city
  27. an ancient Greek assembly building or council hall
  28. a monument built to honor the winner of a choral contest
    choragic monument
  29. a small ancient Greek or Roman theater, often roofed and used for musical performances
  30. an ancient Greek wrestling school; or, more generally, an ancient Greek or Roman building for athletic training
  31. (proscenium) a raised platform from which actors performed their lines in a Greek theater.
  32. backdrop building in a Greek theater.
  33. in ancient Greece, a long, roofed portico with columns along the front and a wall at the back; used for shops, meetings, or exhibitions.