Urinary System 3

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Author:
mommy2pj
ID:
45181
Filename:
Urinary System 3
Updated:
2010-10-26 16:35:34
Tags:
urine urination urinary system filtration
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Description:
Urinary system anatomy and function
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  1. 1) what is number 1?
    2) what is number 2?
    • 1) renal capsule
    • 2) renal cortex
  2. proximal convoluted tubule function?
    absorption of ions, organic molecules, vitamins, water

  3. what is number 3?
    renal medulla

  4. number 4?
    renal pyramid

  5. number 5?
    renal pelvis

  6. number 6?
    renal column

  7. number 7?
    minor calyx

  8. number 8?
    ureter
  9. papillary duct
  10. papillary duct
  11. papillary duct
  12. how many liters of fluid produced daily by glomeruli?
    180 liters
  13. characteristics of the glomerular filtration membrane?
    • slit membranes
    • basal laminae
    • endothelial cells
    • fenestrations
  14. list in order the blood vessels carrying blood to kidney
    • renal artery
    • interlobar artery
    • arcuate artery
    • interlobular artery
    • afferent arteriole
    • glomerulus
    • efferent arteriole
    • peritubular capillary
  15. what pressure is highest in renal corpuscle under normal condition?
    glomerular blood hydrostatic pressure
  16. what drugs promote fluid loss in urine?
    diuretics
  17. where does process of filtration occur?
    bowman's capsule
  18. why does an obstruction in proximal convoluted tubules decreases glomerular filtration rate ?
    hydostatic pressure in glomerular capsule increases which will decrease net filtration pressure
  19. when there is an inability for kidneys to secrete wastes in sufficient amounts to maintain homeostasis what will it eventually lead to?
    renal failure

  20. what layer is this ?
    parietal layer of glomerular capsule

  21. what layer?
    parietal layer

  22. what layer?
    parietal layer

  23. what layer?
    parietal layer
  24. pedicels
  25. penile or spongy urethra
  26. peritoneum
  27. peritoneum
  28. peritubular capillaries
  29. peritubular capillary
  30. peritubular capillary
  31. podocyte of visceral layer
  32. podocyte
  33. if sympathetic stimulation to afferent and efferent arterioles decreases what will happen to glomerular filtration rate?
    increase because both vessels less constricted
  34. characteristics of normal color urine?
    • amber color
    • acidic pH
    • specific gravity > 1.0
    • ammoniacal odor
  35. layer of collagen fibers covering outer surface of entire kidney?
    renal capsule
  36. prostatic urethra
  37. proximal convoluted tubule
  38. proximal convoluted tubule
  39. proximal convoluted tubule
  40. RBC of glomerulus
  41. renal corpuscle
  42. renal cortex
  43. right renal artery
  44. renal artery
  45. renal capsule
  46. renal capsule
  47. what does juxtaglomerular apparatus do in response to drop of blood flow or pressure?
    releases renin in a drop of blood flow or pressure
  48. normal constituent of urine?
    • hydrogen ions
    • urea
    • salts
    • creatinine
  49. renal capsule

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