gylys ch 10 musculoskeletal

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Author:
ericarome
ID:
45237
Filename:
gylys ch 10 musculoskeletal
Updated:
2010-10-26 19:00:11
Tags:
musculoskeletal
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Description:
med term musc/skel
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  1. diarthroses
    movable joints
  2. amphiarthroses
    slightly movable joints
  3. synathroses
    immovable joints
  4. ankyl/o
    stiffness, bent, crooked
  5. kyph/o
    hill, mountain (humpback)
  6. lamin/o
    lamina (part of vertebra)
  7. lord/o
    curve "swayback" (arched back--opposite of humpback)
  8. ped
    • foot
    • and
    • child
  9. scoli/o
    bent, crooked
  10. dactyl/o
    fingers, toes
  11. lumb/o
    loins, lower back
  12. pod
    foot
  13. spondyl/o
    vertebrae
  14. -leiomy
    smooth muscle "visceral"
  15. rhabd/o
    rod shaped, striated
  16. rhabdomy/o
    rod shaped, striated
  17. CHONDRO
    CARTILAGE
  18. costo
    rib
  19. -asthenia
    weakness
  20. -blast
    embryonic cell
  21. -clasia
    break, surgical fracture
  22. -desis
    binding, fixation of a bone or joint
  23. -physis
    growth
  24. -porosis
    porous
  25. syn-
    together
  26. fracture
    broken bone
  27. 9 kinds of fracture
    • closed
    • open
    • complicated
    • comminuted
    • impacted
    • incomplete
    • greenstick
    • colles
    • hairline
  28. claudication
    limping
  29. contracture
    fibrosis of connective tissue preventing normal mobility
  30. crepitation
    dry grating sound (bone on bone)
  31. osteophyte
    bony growth on vertebra may exert pressure on cord
  32. rickets
    children's osteomalacia
  33. spondylolisthesis
    foward slippage of vertebra over vertebra (subluxation)
  34. subluxation
    partial or incomplete dislocation
  35. spondylosis
    degeneration of C, T, L vertebrae
  36. talipes
    foot deformities
  37. DEXA stands for
    dual energy xray absorptiometry
  38. DEXA is
    bone density
  39. LS spine
    lumbosacral spinal radiography (lower back pain)
  40. closed reduction
    manual correction, no cutting
  41. arthroclasia
    surgical breaking of an ankylosed joint to provide movement
  42. bone grafting
    for damaged or missing bone tissue
  43. open reduction
    surgery for fixing fractures
  44. sequestrectomy
    removal of a segment of necrosed bone

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