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Deafness in hearing person, due to illness or accident
Asl or Ameslan;
it is the visual language used by deaf people in the United States and
American Sign Language
a person who cannot hear speech or everyday sounds.
- a person who cannot hear speech or everyday sounds
Deafness at birth
A group of people who share the same language, similar
experiences, attitudes, goals, and values and are deaf or hard-of-hearing.
Using the language of signs and finger spelling to express
The use of the manual alphabet to spell words and sentenceswith the fingers one letter at a time.
the movement of the body or limbs to help express or
emphasize a thought or idea.
A hearing loss of some degree from mild to severe.
the characteristic of a sign resembling what it represents
to form a sign using the manual alphabet hand shape that
begins with the firs letter of the English word that expresses a similar
Any means of communicating through the system of sounds,
symbols, signs, or gestures.
A method used to understand unheard speech by observing lip
and facial movements.
Lip reading , Speech reading
A separate hand shape using the fingers to represent each
letter of the written alphabet.
Using sign language and finger spelling to represent the
English language, word for word.
- Manually Coded English /or
- manual English
Communication features used with sign language that are not
conveyed with the hands – body posture, head and body movement, and facial
Oralism Using a system of speech and speech reading to
educate a deaf person Signs and fingers spelling are not used.
Oral method, Oral training
the use of American Sign Language in English syntax or word
order; articles and inflections are usually omitted.
Pidgin Sign English (PSE)
To understand sign language and finger spelling expressed by
A visual language using either one or Both hands formed into
unique shapes and movements to represent concepts and ideas, including finger
a person who expresses their ideas and thoughts through sing
A pidgin language using American Sign Language in English
syntax or word order. In some form of sign English all words are signed, while
other sign English systems favor (asl).
is the use of manual and oral communication, simultaneously
to convey thoughts and ideas.
Simultaneous method of communication
the order or arrangement in which words are used to form
sentences in language.
The educational philosophy that all deaf people have the
right to all information through all possible means including sign language,
finger spelling, pantomime, speech lip reading, writing, pictures, gestures,
facial expression, reading, and hearing aids.
50% of the time deafness is caused by genetics
Environmental factors that cause deafness
- Constant high noise levels
Rubella or viral infection contracted by the pregnant mother
may deafen an unborn child.
Cut off of oxygen while baby is being born
Exposure to an explosion
Injury to the skull