Bib. Studies terms (Exam 2)
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Greek conquerer of the ANE
and parts of Europe and north Africa 336-323 BCE.
Alexander the Great
– a term
applied to kings who were consecrated a prophet pouring olive oil on their
– The Seleucid Greek ruler who persecuted the Jews 175-163 BCE.
- literally means
“uncovering” or “revelation” is literature that envisions the end of the world.
– a rectangular chest plated in gold with 2 cherubim
on the lid that functioned as the
symbolic presence of God.
Ark of the Covenant
– the empire that conquered the northern
kingdom and exiled thousands in 722 BCE
Canaanite god of rain and fertility.
Baal or Ba’al
- an ancient nation is what is now southern Iraq.
- the nation that
destroyed Jerusalem 586 BCE
- the nation to which Jews were exiled in the 6th
– the period between 587
and 538 when many Jews were deported from their homeland.
– another name for
– the king of Persia who
conquered Babylon and released the Jews from exile in Babylon.
- God’s promise that David’s descendant’s
would sit on the throne of Israel forever (2 Sam. 7).
– Chapters 40-55 in the
book of Isaiah.
- Scholarly term for the collection of books making up
a historical narrative of Israel from entrance into Canaan until exile to Babylon - Joshua/Judges/1-2 Samuel/1-2 Kings. [So-called because the historian’s theology is “Deuteronomic”
i.e. consistent with the theology of the book of Deuteronomy.]
The order from the King of Persia permitting exiled Jews to return to Judah.
Edict of Cyrus
- one of the sons of Joseph
- the Northern Kingdom, also called Israel
- beliefs about the end or
fulfillment of time
– a priest ca. 450 BCE who
is credited with bringing together the Torah and teaching the law.
– someone who is not a Jew,
one belonging to “the nations”
- the Jewish festival celebrating the
liberation and rededication of the temple 164 BCE.
– the dominant culture in the Greek and Roman periods influenced by both Greece and theAncient Near East.
– the royal dynasty that began in 1000 BCE and lasted until 586 BCE.
House of David
- the capital city of a united Israel, and
later the capital of the nation of Judah.
- a term derived from the word “Judean” it originally referred to Judean descendants of Israel in the Persian period and all of their descendants until today
– a Jewish freedom fighter who reclaimed the
Jerusalem temple from the Seleucids in 164 BCE.
– the liberation movement of Jews against Greek Seleucid rule in the 100’s BCE.
- Hebrew word which literally means “anointed one” refers in the O.T. to God’s chosen and anointed king (anointed by God’s spirit and with oil).
- a form of government in which a
king or queen is the ruler.
- the belief that there is
only one God, and faith in that God.
– the king of Babylon who destroyed Jerusalem in 586 BCE.
The kingdom made up of the 10 northern tribes. Israel, Ephraim, 922-722 BCE.
- the empire that
controlled the ancient Near East from 539 until the 330’s BCE.
- the belief in and worship of many gods
- Someone who is believed to receive and
deliver messages from God to the people or leaders. [The message generally applies to their current
situation with implications for their future.]
- the capital of the
- the “Adversary,” in the Hebrew Bible/ Old Testament a member of God’s heavenly court who acts as an adversary or prosecuting attorney towards humanity.
- the period in Judea from 515 BCE until the Roman destruction in 70 CE/AD.
Second Temple period
- a dynasty of Greeks who
ruled Syria and Palestine (land of Israel) from 312-142 BCE.
- the realm of the all the dead,
called “Hades” by the Greeks. Not a place of punishment per se.
– a place of worship, not
necessarily a building
- the kingdom made up of the tribe ofJudah, 922-587 BCE.
- attempt to understand how an
all-good, all-powerful God can permit evil and suffering.
– a king or nation that is
in a relationship of submission to another king or nation
- a poetic name forJerusalem
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