Bib. Studies terms (Exam 2)
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview
The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?
Greek conquerer of the ANE
and parts of Europe and north Africa 336-323 BCE.
Alexander the Great
– a term
applied to kings who were consecrated a prophet pouring olive oil on their
– The Seleucid Greek ruler who persecuted the Jews 175-163 BCE.
- literally means
“uncovering” or “revelation” is literature that envisions the end of the world.
– a rectangular chest plated in gold with 2 cherubim
on the lid that functioned as the
symbolic presence of God.
Ark of the Covenant
– the empire that conquered the northern
kingdom and exiled thousands in 722 BCE
Canaanite god of rain and fertility.
Baal or Ba’al
- an ancient nation is what is now southern Iraq.
- the nation that
destroyed Jerusalem 586 BCE
- the nation to which Jews were exiled in the 6th
– the period between 587
and 538 when many Jews were deported from their homeland.
– another name for
– the king of Persia who
conquered Babylon and released the Jews from exile in Babylon.
- God’s promise that David’s descendant’s
would sit on the throne of Israel forever (2 Sam. 7).
– Chapters 40-55 in the
book of Isaiah.
- Scholarly term for the collection of books making up
a historical narrative of Israel from entrance into Canaan until exile to Babylon - Joshua/Judges/1-2 Samuel/1-2 Kings. [So-called because the historian’s theology is “Deuteronomic”
i.e. consistent with the theology of the book of Deuteronomy.]
The order from the King of Persia permitting exiled Jews to return to Judah.
Edict of Cyrus
- one of the sons of Joseph
- the Northern Kingdom, also called Israel
- beliefs about the end or
fulfillment of time
– a priest ca. 450 BCE who
is credited with bringing together the Torah and teaching the law.
– someone who is not a Jew,
one belonging to “the nations”
- the Jewish festival celebrating the
liberation and rededication of the temple 164 BCE.
– the dominant culture in the Greek and Roman periods influenced by both Greece and theAncient Near East.
– the royal dynasty that began in 1000 BCE and lasted until 586 BCE.
House of David
- the capital city of a united Israel, and
later the capital of the nation of Judah.
- a term derived from the word “Judean” it originally referred to Judean descendants of Israel in the Persian period and all of their descendants until today
– a Jewish freedom fighter who reclaimed the
Jerusalem temple from the Seleucids in 164 BCE.
– the liberation movement of Jews against Greek Seleucid rule in the 100’s BCE.
- Hebrew word which literally means “anointed one” refers in the O.T. to God’s chosen and anointed king (anointed by God’s spirit and with oil).
- a form of government in which a
king or queen is the ruler.
- the belief that there is
only one God, and faith in that God.
– the king of Babylon who destroyed Jerusalem in 586 BCE.
The kingdom made up of the 10 northern tribes. Israel, Ephraim, 922-722 BCE.
- the empire that
controlled the ancient Near East from 539 until the 330’s BCE.
- the belief in and worship of many gods
- Someone who is believed to receive and
deliver messages from God to the people or leaders. [The message generally applies to their current
situation with implications for their future.]
- the capital of the
- the “Adversary,” in the Hebrew Bible/ Old Testament a member of God’s heavenly court who acts as an adversary or prosecuting attorney towards humanity.
- the period in Judea from 515 BCE until the Roman destruction in 70 CE/AD.
Second Temple period
- a dynasty of Greeks who
ruled Syria and Palestine (land of Israel) from 312-142 BCE.
- the realm of the all the dead,
called “Hades” by the Greeks. Not a place of punishment per se.
– a place of worship, not
necessarily a building
- the kingdom made up of the tribe ofJudah, 922-587 BCE.
- attempt to understand how an
all-good, all-powerful God can permit evil and suffering.
– a king or nation that is
in a relationship of submission to another king or nation
- a poetic name forJerusalem
What would you like to do?
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview