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What was the Night Mare of Death
- It was a failure
- Rocks in tank tracks
- No Tanks no protection
- Goal was to hold dieppe for a day
What territories did Hitler take prier to WWII
Austria, Rhineland, czechoslovakia, Sudentenland
Germany went against the non-aggression pact and invaded the soviet union
Battle of Dunkirk
Forced British and French armies to evacuate due to a German invasion.
Allies: France Britain & commonwealth countries
Axis: Germany, Italy, Japan
Non- Agression Pact
Both countries (Germany and the Soviet Union) would not fight each other if one went to war.
They divided Poland
1941 After Pearl Harbour was bombed, Canada became suspicious of Japanese Canadians
1942 Government set up internment camps for them
1943 Government confiscates and sells the property of the Japanese Canadians
1945 The discrimination continued after the war. Japanese Canadians were given the choice to return to Japan or settle east of the Rocky Mountains.
1988 federal government apologized and paid compensation to the internment camp survivors
Rosie the Riveter
was a tern widely applied to the women who worked in machinery factories
Were limits on the consumption of certain goods especially food and gasoline.
- June 6 1994
- The Allies invaded with a well planned attack at Normandy
- Canadians landed and took over Juno Beach
- This lead to the German Surrender in 1945
was a codename for the Allies invasion of Europe
Was a German plan to physically eliminate all the Jews in Europe
Were camps designed for mass murder.
Accomodation made for returning Veterans
- Their old jobs were returned to them.
- Time away at war was considered time on the jb.
- Veterans were given preferences for government jobs
- Small business loans
- Unemployment insurance
- Free tuition and living expenses
- help obtaining home mortgages
American connections increase
- American companies increased in Canada
- Branch plants opened in Canada
Pros & Cons of American Companies moving into canada
- Pros: Cheaper American goods
- More Canadian jobs
- Access to American products
- Cons: Canadians buy more American goods instead of Canadian
- Too much American Control
Trans Canada Hwy
- 7821 km, longest hwy in Canada
- was expensive
- wasn't completed until 1970's
- changed how people & truckers traveled
St. Lawrence Seaway
- major trade route
- allowed large ships a travel route
- Atlantic port
- by pass rapids and water falls
- cost $630 million
Trans Canada Pipline
send Alberta's resources to Eastern Canada cheaply
Ex. natural gas
Vision for Canada
Wanted to make all heritages equal and to preserve British connections
Ottawa should do more for the praries and Atlantic
- Diefennbaker created the Canadian Bill of rights
- (made to protect our heritage of freedom)
- built roads from igloo to igloo, winter construction project, oversea wheat sales.
- Who he appealed to
- only rural and older voters
- Vision for Canada
- Canada needed an identity to all canadians, looked to benefit both French and English.
- Pearson created the Canada pension plan
- Medicare plan, and the Maple leaf flag
- Who he appealed to
- Wanted to appeal to younger and urban voters
- free healthcare for all canadians
- Who created medicare?
- Medicare was created in Saskatchewan on July 1st 1962, by Tommy Douglass
- 2 superpowers U.S & USSR
- Tensions are strong between countries
- Korean War
- Suez Crisis
- Cuban Missile Crisis
- Vietnam War
North American Air Defence
- NORAD is involved in North American
NORAD was formed to establish an intergrated North American Air Defence command
Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization
NATO was formed as a military alliance of the western Europe and North America.
NATO was formed in1949 because the USSR had a veto on the security council, the UN was powerless to stop USSR advances after the war.
Was formed in1955 by the USSR. This alliance was made up of Eastern Europe and the USSR. A large part of the Northern Hemisphere was divided into 2 sides.
- Distant Early Warning
- It was set up to protect the US from any USSR attacks flown over Canada.
DEW line was the first station that would detect an attack
- Arctic Region of Canada
mid way through canada
- incase the Dew line didn't detect the USSR plans.
- 98 stations set up
- radar stations
- built in 1957
Pine tree line
- On Canada US border
- 30 radar stations
- built in 1954