Health Quick Test

Card Set Information

Health Quick Test
2010-11-17 20:35:29
Health Human Development Quick Test

Health: Adult development, blood pressure, alcohol
Show Answers:

  1. Outline what blood pressure is
    Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood in the arteries as it is pumped around the body by the heart
  2. Is blood pressure constant?
    It doesn't stay the same, but changes to meet your body's needs
  3. What factors can affect blood pressure?
    Body position, breathing or emotional state, exercise and sleep.
  4. If blood pressure remains high, what types of serious problems can it lead to?
    • Heart Attack
    • Stroke
    • Heart Failure
    • Kidney Disease
  5. What is the meaning of the term systolic blood pressure?
    • The pressure in the arteries as the heart squeezes out blood during each beat
    • First number ( 120/80 )
  6. What is the meaning of the term diastolic blood pressure?
    • The pressure as the heart relaxes before the next beat
    • Lower number ( 120/80 )
  7. What are the different categories for blood pressure?
    • Low- if the measurment drops 30mmHg below a patient's usual
    • Normal- less than 120/80
    • High- equal to, or more than, 140/90
  8. When should blood pressure be checked?
    Regularly, if you have normal blood pressure but if you have high blood pressure you should have it checked more frequently. Check with doctor.
  9. What instrument is used to measure blood pressure?
    A sphyg/mom/ano/meter
  10. What is hypertension?
    The term for high blood pressure
  11. What factors can lead to high blood pressure?
    • Hereditary
    • Obesity
    • Lack of exercise
    • High salt diet
    • Heavy drinking
    • Kidney disease
  12. How can you lower blood pressure?
    • In some cases, taking medication
    • Healthier choices:
    • Maintain healthy weight range
    • High fibre, and low fat and salt diet
    • Give up smoking
    • Limit alcohol
    • Exercise regularly
  13. What is hypotension?
    The term for low blood pressure
  14. List the symptoms of low blood pressure
    • Light headedness (when standing up)
    • Unsteadiness and dizziness
    • Weakness
    • Blurred vision
    • Fatigue
    • Fainting
  15. Outline five of the many causes of low blood pressure
    • Emotional stress, fear, insecurity or pain
    • Blood donation
    • Pregnancy
    • Medications for depression
    • Blood loss from trauma, such as an accident
    • Allergic reaction to certain drugs or chemicals
  16. Define adulthood
    • In Australia, adulthood is defined as 18 years onwards and is the final and longest stage in the lifespan,
    • comprising 3 sub-stages (early, middle and late),
    • and is a time of continuing physical, social, emotional and intellectual change.
  17. Identify a milestone during early adulthood for each category of health
    • Physical: Body is at peak condition, growth has stopped and body is in maintenance phase
    • Social: Establishing intimate realtionship, choosing a life partner
    • Mental: Self identity changes as becoming a parent for the first time would be a new and different experience
  18. Identify a milestone during middle adulthood for each category of health
    • Physical:
    • Social:
    • Mental: Change in self-identity as children leave home
  19. Identify a milestone during late adulthood for each category of health
    • Physical: Deterioration of the body's ability to function, such as weaker bones, impaired vision
    • Social: Change in housing arrangments, such as going into a nursing home cause aspects of social health to change
    • Mental: brain and memory deteriorates, may suffer memory loss or dementia
  20. Define menopause
    The time when a women's menstruation comes to an end and they are no longer able to reproduce.
  21. Define basal metabolic rate
    The minimum amount of energy required by the body for survival when it is at rest
  22. What physical changes occur during menopause?
    • - Significantly reduced hormone production - lower oestrogen
    • -Change in fat distribution- more fat aruond thigs and buttocks
    • -A reduction in the ability to strore calcium