Health Quick Test
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Outline what blood pressure is
Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood in the arteries as it is pumped around the body by the heart
Is blood pressure constant?
It doesn't stay the same, but changes to meet your body's needs
What factors can affect blood pressure?
Body position, breathing or emotional state, exercise and sleep.
If blood pressure remains high, what types of serious problems can it lead to?
- Heart Attack
- Heart Failure
- Kidney Disease
What is the meaning of the term systolic blood pressure?
- The pressure in the arteries as the heart squeezes out blood during each beat
- First number ( 120/80 )
What is the meaning of the term diastolic blood pressure?
- The pressure as the heart relaxes before the next beat
- Lower number ( 120/80 )
What are the different categories for blood pressure?
- Low- if the measurment drops 30mmHg below a patient's usual
- Normal- less than 120/80
- High- equal to, or more than, 140/90
When should blood pressure be checked?
Regularly, if you have normal blood pressure but if you have high blood pressure you should have it checked more frequently. Check with doctor.
What instrument is used to measure blood pressure?
What is hypertension?
The term for high blood pressure
What factors can lead to high blood pressure?
- Lack of exercise
- High salt diet
- Heavy drinking
- Kidney disease
How can you lower blood pressure?
- In some cases, taking medication
- Healthier choices:
- Maintain healthy weight range
- High fibre, and low fat and salt diet
- Give up smoking
- Limit alcohol
- Exercise regularly
What is hypotension?
The term for low blood pressure
List the symptoms of low blood pressure
- Light headedness (when standing up)
- Unsteadiness and dizziness
- Blurred vision
Outline five of the many causes of low blood pressure
- Emotional stress, fear, insecurity or pain
- Blood donation
- Medications for depression
- Blood loss from trauma, such as an accident
- Allergic reaction to certain drugs or chemicals
- In Australia, adulthood is defined as 18 years onwards and is the final and longest stage in the lifespan,
- comprising 3 sub-stages (early, middle and late),
- and is a time of continuing physical, social, emotional and intellectual change.
Identify a milestone during early adulthood for each category of health
- Physical: Body is at peak condition, growth has stopped and body is in maintenance phase
- Social: Establishing intimate realtionship, choosing a life partner
- Mental: Self identity changes as becoming a parent for the first time would be a new and different experience
Identify a milestone during middle adulthood for each category of health
- Mental: Change in self-identity as children leave home
Identify a milestone during late adulthood for each category of health
- Physical: Deterioration of the body's ability to function, such as weaker bones, impaired vision
- Social: Change in housing arrangments, such as going into a nursing home cause aspects of social health to change
- Mental: brain and memory deteriorates, may suffer memory loss or dementia
The time when a women's menstruation comes to an end and they are no longer able to reproduce.
Define basal metabolic rate
The minimum amount of energy required by the body for survival when it is at rest
What physical changes occur during menopause?
- - Significantly reduced hormone production - lower oestrogen
- -Change in fat distribution- more fat aruond thigs and buttocks
- -A reduction in the ability to strore calcium
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