A type of learning in which the consequences of an organisms behavior determine whether it will be repeated in the future.
1. Fixed Interval Schedule (FI) - reinforcements are presented at fixed time perioods, provided that the appropriate response is made.
2. Variable Interval Schedule (VI) - behaviour is reinforced based on an average time that has expired since the last reinforcement
3. Fixed Ration Schedule (FR) - reinforcement is delivered after a specific number of responses have been made.
4. Variable Ratio Schedule (VR) - delivery of reinforcement is based on a particular average number of responses
5. Intermittent Reinforcement - Only some of the responses made are followed by reinforcement. The effect? The fact that operant behaviours that are maintained under intermittent reinforcement schedules resist extinction better than those maintained under continuous reinforcement.