Home > Flashcards > Print Preview
The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards
. What would you like to do?
- to describe such inequalities among individuals and groups within human society
- key aspects: class, status, and power
extreme form of inequality in which certain people are owned as property by others
social system in which one's social status is bestowed for life
different social levels are closed so that all individuals must remain at the social level of their birth throughout life
marriage within one's social group as required by custom or law
- important for analyzing stratification in industrialized societies like in the US.
- large group of people who occupy a similar economic position in the wider society
are the opportunities you have for achieving economic prosperity
formula showing that inequality increases during the early stages of capitalist development, then declines, and eventually stabilizes at a relatively low level
refers to wages and salaries earned from paid occupations, plus unearned money from investments
refers to all the assets individuals own: cash, savings, and checking accounts, investments in stocks, bonds, real estate properties.
consists of the very wealthiest Americans-those households earning more than $157,185. or approx 5% of all American households.
catchall for a diverse group of occupations, lifestyles, and people who earn stable and sometimes substantial incomes at primarily white-collar jobs
- makes up about 20% of all American households.
- blue-collar and pink-collar laborers
which makes up roughly 15% of American households which includes those who work part time or not at all.
"beneath" the class system in that they lack access to the world of work and mainstream patterns of behavior
refers to the movement of individuals and groups between different class positions as a result of changes in occupation, wealth, or income
how far they move up or down the socioeconomic scale in the course of their working lives
- analyze where children are on the scare compared with their parents or grandparents
- mobility across the generation
there is an exchange of positions, such that more talented people in each generation move up the economic hierarchy, while the less talented move down.
upward mobility made possible by an expansion of better-paid occupations at the expense of more poorly paid ones
- societies become more open to movement between classes as they become more technological advanced
- as societies become more industrial, workers increasingly get jobs because of achievement
refers to placement in a particular social status based on characteristics such as family of origin, race, and gender
movement along the socioeconomic scale, nearly all of it was between occupational positions quite close to one another
short-range downward mobility
moves from one job to another that is similar
- means that a person or family simply can't get enough to eat
- undernourished or may starve to death
- measure of inequality
- being poor compared with the stadards of living of the majority
- lacks the basic resources to maintain a decent standard of housing and healthy living conditions
income equal to 3x the cost of a nutritionally adequate diet
people who work but those earnings are not high enough to lift them above poverty
feminization of poverty
increase in the proportion of the poor who are female
culture of poverty
- exists among many poor people
- poverty not a result of individual inadequacies but is instead the outcome of a larger social and cultural atmosphere into which successive generations of children are socialized
poor people who rely on govn. welfare provision rather than entering the labor market
- refers to new sources of inequality
- ways in which individuals may become cut off from involvement in the wider society
seen at the very bottom of the social hierarchy
means of production
means by which they gain a livelihood
those who earn their living by selling their labor to them, the working class
source of profit which capitalists are able to put to their own use
negatively privileged status groups, subject to discrimination that prevents them from taking advantage of opportunities open to others
contradictory class locations
- ambiguous groups
- managers and white-collar workers
- able to influence some aspects of production but are denied control over others
any process whereby groups try to maintain exclusive control over resources, limiting access to them
What would you like to do?
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview