Medical Terminology ch 10

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ianchun
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45505
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Medical Terminology ch 10
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2010-10-27 17:39:38
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Medical Terminology
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Chapetr 10
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  1. ANOREXIA NERVOSA
    EMOTIONAL EATING DISORDER IN WHICH THE PATIENT AVOIDS FOOD DUE TO A COMPULSION TO BECOME THIN IN APPEARENCE
  2. ANTIEMETIC
    A DRUG THAT PREVENTS OR STOPS THE VOMITING REFLEX
  3. ANTISPASMODIC
    A DRUG THST REDUCES PERISTALSISACTIVITY IN THE GI TRACT
  4. APHAGIA
    INABILITY TO SWALLOW LITERALLY WITHOUT EATING
  5. APPENDECTOMY
    SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE APPENDIX
  6. ASCITES
    AN ACCUMILAITON OF FLUID WITHIN THE PERITONEAL CAVITY THAT PRODUCES AN ENLARGED ABDOMEN
  7. CATHARTIC
    AGENT THAT STIMULATES STRONG WAVES OF PERISTALSIS OF THE COLON
  8. CHEILITIS
    INFLAMMATION OF THE LIP
  9. CHEILORRHAPHY
    PROCEDURE OF SUTURING A LIP
  10. CHOLECYSTECTOMY
    SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE GALLBLADDER
  11. CHOLECYSTITIS
    INFLAMMATION OF THE GALLBLADDER, USUALLY CAUSED BY GALLSTONES LODGED WITHIN IT
  12. CHOLECYSTOGRAPHY
    X-RAY IMAGE OR CHOLECYSTOGRAM OF THE GALLBLADDER
  13. CHOLEDOCHITIS
    PRESENCE OF STONES WITHIN THE COMMON
  14. CHOLEDOCHOLITHOTOMY
    SURGERY THAT INVOLVES THE REMOVAL OF ONE OR MORE OBSTRUCTIVE GALLSTONES FROM THE COMMON BILE DUCTS
  15. CHOLELITHIASIS
    GENERALIZED CONDITION OF CONDITION OF STONES LODGED WITHIN THE GALLBLADDER OR BILE DUCTS
  16. CIRRHOSIS
    CHRONIC, PROGRESSIVE LIVER DISEASE CHARACTERIZED BY THE GRADUAL LOSS OF LIVER CELLS AND THEIR REPLACMENT BY FAT AND OTHER FORMS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
  17. COLECTOMY
    SURGICAL REMOVAL OF A SEGMENT OF THE COLON
  18. COLITIS
    INFLAMMATION OF THE COLON; IF CHRONIC BLEEDING OF THE COLON WALL PRODUCES BLOODY DIARRHIA THE CONDITON IS CALLED ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  19. COLORECTAL CANCER
    CANCER OF THE COLON AND THE RECTUM OFTEN ARISES AS A POLYUP BECOMES AN AGGRESSIVE METASTIC TUMOR
  20. COLOSTOMY
    SURGICAL CREATION OF AN OPENING IN THE COLON TO SERVE AS AN ARTIFICIAL ANUS
  21. CROHN'S DISEASE
    CHRONIC INFLAMMATION OF ANY PART OF THE GI TRACT THAT INVOLVES ULCERATIONS, SCAR TISSUE FORMATION, AND THICKENING ADHESIONS OF THE ORGANWALL, ALSO KNOWN AS REGIONAL ILEITIS
  22. DIVERTICULOSIS
    PRESENCE OF SMALL POUCHES CALLED DIVERTICULA ON THE WALL OF THE COLON, OFTEN WITHOUT SYMPTOMS OR WITH MILD BOWEL DISCOMFORT
  23. DUODENAL ULCER
    ULCER OR EROSION IN THE WALL OF THE DUODENUM OF THE SMALL INTESTINE
  24. DYSENTERY
    ACUTE INFLAMMATION OF THE GI TRACT THAT IS CAUSED BY BACTERIA PROTOZOA OR CHEMICAL IRRITANTS
  25. DYSPEPSIA
    COMMONLY CALLED INDEGESTION, IT IS ACCOMPANIED BY STOMACH OR ESOPHAGEAL PAIN OR DISCOMFORT
  26. DYSPHAGIA
    DIFFICULT IN SWALLOWING
  27. ENTERITIS
    INFLAMMATION OF THE SMALL OR LARGE INTESTINE
  28. FECAL OCCULT BLOOD TEST
    CLINICAL LAB TEST PERFORMED TO DETECT BLOOD FECES, "FOBT"
  29. FLATUS
    PRECENCE OF GAS OR AIR IN THE GI TRACT
  30. GASTRECTOMY
    SURGICAL REMOVAL OF PART OF THE STOMACH OR IN EXTREME CASES THE ENTIRE ORGAN
  31. GASTRECTASIS
    ABNORMAL STRETCHING OF THE STOMACH
  32. GASTRIC CANCER
    AGGRESSIVE METASTATIC CANCER ARISING FROM CELLS LINING THE STOMACH KNOWN AS STOMACH CANCER
  33. GASTRIC LAVAGE
    CLEANSING PROCEDURE IN WHICH THE STOMACH IS IRRIGATED WITH A PRESCRIBED SOLUTION
  34. GASTRIC ULCER
    ULCER OR EROSION IN THE WALL OF THE STOMACH
  35. GASTRITIS
    INFLAMMATION OF THE STOMACH
  36. GASTRODYNIA
    SYMPTOM OF STOMACH PAIN ALSO KNOWN AS GASTRALGIA
  37. GASTROENTERITIS
    INFLAMMATION OF THE STOMACH AND SMALL INTESTINE
  38. GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
    RECURRING REFLUX OF STOMACH CONTENTS INTO THE ESOPHAGUS IS A CONDITION THAT IS ABBREVIATED GERD
  39. GASTROMALACIA
    SOFTENING OF THE STOMACH WALL
  40. GAVAGE
    PROCESS OF FEEDING A PATIENT THROUGH A TUBE INSERTED INTO THE NOSE THAT EXTENDS THROUGH THE ESOPHAGUS TO ENTER THE STOMACH
  41. GIARDIASIS
    INFECTION BY THE INTESTINAL PROTOZOA GIARDIA INTESTINLIS OR GIARDIA LAMBLIA PRODUCES SYMPTOMS OF DIARRHEA, CRAMPS NAUSEA AND VOMITING
  42. GI SERIES
    DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES THAT PROVIDE RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION OF THE GI TRACT USUALLY BY MEANS OF BARIUM SWALLOW BARIUM SHAKE OR BARIUM MEAL
  43. GINGIVECTOMY
    SURGICAL REMOVAL OF DISEASED TISSUE IN THE GUMS OR GINGIVA
  44. GLOSSITIS
    INFLAMMATION OF THE TONGUE OFTEN CAUSED BY EXPOSURE TO ALLERGENS TOXINS EXTREME HEAT OR COLD
  45. GLOSSORRHAPHY
    REPAIR OF THE TONGUE
  46. HEMATEMESIS
    VOMITING BLOOD A SIGN OF A SEVERE DIGESTIVE DISORDER
  47. HEMMORRHOIDECTOMY
    SURGICAL REMOVAL OF HEMORHOIDS
  48. HEPATITIS
    VIRAL INDUCED INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER THE FIVE KNOWN FORMS ARE CATEGORIZED WITH LETTERS A-E
  49. HEPATOMA
    TUMOR ARISING FROM CELLS WITHIN THE LIVER ALSO CALLED HEPATOCELLUAR CARCINOMA OR HCC
  50. HEPATOMEGALY
    ABNORMAL ENLARGEMENT OF THE LIVER
  51. HIATAL HERNIA
    PROTRUSION OF THE CARDIAC PORTION OF THE STOMACH THROUGH THE HIATUS OF THE DIAPHRAM TO ENTER THE THORATIC CAVITY
  52. ILEOSTOMY
    SURGICAL CREATION OF AN OPENING THROUGH THE ABDOMINAL WALL AND INTO THE ILEUM OF THE SMALL INTESTINE TO ESTABLISH AN ALTERNATIVE ANUS FOR THE PASSAGE OF FECES
  53. INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
    GENERAL TERM THAT INCLUDES THE CONDITONS ULCERATIVE COLITIS AND CROHN'S DISEASE ABBREVIATED "IBD"

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