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Compliance with a request due to the perception that the “requestor” has a legitimate right to make the request (or at least has the appearance of legitimacy)
How is obedience different from conformity?
The extent of choice and free will
What is Milgram's explanation for obedience?
- 1. Loss of responsibility for participants
- 2. Situational obligation
- 3. Science as a legitimate institution
Ethical issues of Milgram's experiment
- Reduced freedom of choice for participants
- Distress of the participants
How does the distance between the experimenter and teacher affect the obedience level?
The farther the experimenter was from the teacher the less the level of obedience
How does the distance between the teacher and the learner (victim) affect the obedience level?
The closer the learner the less the obedience
Define Social Psychology
- Study of the way behavior or cognitions are influenced by the presence of others
- i.e., guys take longer to urinate in presense of others
Who is Stanley Milgram?
- Obedience to authority
- -most controversial
How did Milgram conduct his experiment?
- 1. Flyers for common people but not college students
- 2. Pay participant
- 3. Experimenter and Learner conspire to fool Teacher
- 4. Experiment cause great distress for teacher
In Milgram's experiment, who influened obedience?
The experimenter (authority)
Who is Solomon Asch?
- Social conformity experiment
- If 2 or more chose answer the same answer, conformity will increase
- i.e., peer pressure
What is Bystander intervention?
stopping to help someone in immediate need
When there is a "situation" the bystander must:
- 1) Notice the situation
- 2) Define the situation as an emergency; must see to understand
- 3) Take personal responsibility to do something; as bystanders increase, responsibility decrease
Define diffusion of responsibility
as the number of bystanders increases, likihood of help decrease
inferring causes of behavior
Dispositional and Situational factors
- Kelley (other's behavior)
- Weiner (our own behavior)
- Fundamental attribution error
- Actor-Observer error
- Self-Serving bias
- Relationship-maintaining biases
Dispositional vs. Situational
Define Fundamental attribution error
- attribute a person's behavior to internal states, not to the situation
- extreme example: Jury convicted Patty Hearst after being kidnapped and rob bank with her captors
Define Actor-Observer bias
actor puts cause in the environment, observer puts cause in the actor
something that grab your attention, sticks out