Social Psychology

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Social Psychology
2010-10-27 18:03:32
social psychology

from lecture
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  1. Define Obedience
    Compliance with a request due to the perception that the “requestor” has a legitimate right to make the request (or at least has the appearance of legitimacy)
  2. How is obedience different from conformity?
    The extent of choice and free will
  3. What is Milgram's explanation for obedience?
    • 1. Loss of responsibility for participants
    • 2. Situational obligation
    • 3. Science as a legitimate institution
  4. Ethical issues of Milgram's experiment
    • Reduced freedom of choice for participants
    • Distress of the participants
    • Deception
    • Self-knowledge
  5. How does the distance between the experimenter and teacher affect the obedience level?
    The farther the experimenter was from the teacher the less the level of obedience
  6. How does the distance between the teacher and the learner (victim) affect the obedience level?
    The closer the learner the less the obedience
  7. Define Social Psychology
    • Study of the way behavior or cognitions are influenced by the presence of others
    • i.e., guys take longer to urinate in presense of others
  8. Who is Stanley Milgram?
    • Obedience to authority
    • -most controversial
  9. How did Milgram conduct his experiment?
    • 1. Flyers for common people but not college students
    • 2. Pay participant
    • 3. Experimenter and Learner conspire to fool Teacher
    • 4. Experiment cause great distress for teacher
  10. In Milgram's experiment, who influened obedience?
    The experimenter (authority)
  11. Who is Solomon Asch?
    • Social conformity experiment
    • If 2 or more chose answer the same answer, conformity will increase
    • i.e., peer pressure
  12. What is Bystander intervention?
    stopping to help someone in immediate need
  13. When there is a "situation" the bystander must:
    • 1) Notice the situation
    • 2) Define the situation as an emergency; must see to understand
    • 3) Take personal responsibility to do something; as bystanders increase, responsibility decrease
  14. Define diffusion of responsibility
    as the number of bystanders increases, likihood of help decrease
  15. Define Attribution
    inferring causes of behavior
  16. Dispositional and Situational factors
    • Kelley (other's behavior)
    • Weiner (our own behavior)
  17. Biases
    • Fundamental attribution error
    • Actor-Observer error
    • Self-Serving bias
    • Relationship-maintaining biases
  18. Dispositional vs. Situational
  19. Weiner
    Attributional Dimensions
  20. Define Fundamental attribution error
    • attribute a person's behavior to internal states, not to the situation
    • extreme example: Jury convicted Patty Hearst after being kidnapped and rob bank with her captors
  21. Define Actor-Observer bias
    actor puts cause in the environment, observer puts cause in the actor
  22. Explain Saliency
    something that grab your attention, sticks out