Protein transcription notes.txt

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platypie8
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45569
Filename:
Protein transcription notes.txt
Updated:
2010-10-27 21:25:23
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  1. Protein synthesis definition:
    Making proteins
  2. First stage of protein synthesis:
    Transcription
  3. Second stage of protein synthesis:
    Translation
  4. Definition of transcription:
    Reading and copying a gene and converting it to mRNA
  5. Sugar in DNA:
    deoxyribose
  6. Sugar in RNA:
    ribose
  7. Structure of DNA:
    Double helix
  8. Structure of RNA:
    helix (single strand)
  9. Location of DNA:
    Nucleus
  10. Location of RNA:
    everywhere; mRNA is specific to nucleus
  11. Bases in DNA
    AGCT
  12. Bases in RNA
    AGCU
  13. Function of DNA
    stores instructions to build proteins
  14. Function of RNA
    many things involved in assembling proteins
  15. Three types of RNA:
    mRNA, tRNA, and rRNA (messenger RNA, transfer RNA, and ribosomal RNA.)
  16. This type of RNA is transported out of the nucleus and contains genetic info.
    mRNA
  17. This type of RNA binds specific amino acids
    tRNA
  18. This type of RNA is shaped like a hairpin
    tRNA
  19. Ribosomes are made of two of this type of RNA strands
    rRNA

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