Exam #3

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Author:
dlrudd
ID:
45655
Filename:
Exam #3
Updated:
2010-10-28 09:58:13
Tags:
Biol
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Description:
Exam 3 study guide
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  1. Found in fruit and veggies, combat free radicals
    Antioxidant
  2. Found in small amounts in body, mineral, iron
    Trace Element
  3. Found in high concentration, mineral, calcium
    Major Element
  4. Fat full of hydrogen, soild at room temperature
    Saturated Fat
  5. Fat not full of hydrogen, liquid at room temperature
    Unsaturated Fat
  6. Component we cannot make ourselves, must be eaten in diet
    Essentail amino acid
  7. Produce mucus to trap bacteria
    Goblet Cells
  8. Air sac in lung, large surface area
    Alveoli
  9. Tubes within kidney, filter blood, reabsorb water here
    Nephron
  10. Tube transporting air to bronchus, held open by cartilage
    Trachea
  11. Knot of capillaries in kidney
    Glomerulus
  12. Ar back of throat, traps bacteria
    Tonsils
  13. Fluid that allows lungs to expand, premature babies do not make this
    Surfactant
  14. Primary method of reulation within body
    Negative feedback
  15. Transfer's food to the stomach
    Esophagus
  16. Finger like projections, increases surface area
    Vili
  17. Measurement for healthy weight
    BMI
  18. Organic molecules keeping body healthy, A,D,K
    Vitamins
  19. Organ that filters blood and deals in water absorption
    Kidney
  20. Organ storing bile
    Gall Bladder
  21. List 4 ways the kidneys maintain Homeostasis
    • excrete wastes
    • water-salt balance of blood
    • acid bases balance of blood
    • assistance to other systems
  22. What are Peptide hormone, List 3 characteristics
    • proteins
    • most endocrine glands
    • do not enter cell
  23. what are Seroid hormones, List 3 characteristics
    • come from cholesterol
    • cross cell membrane
    • more slowly to act
  24. List 3 effects of hormones
    • uptake of substances
    • structure
    • metabolism
  25. List 3 ways we keep oathogens out of the lower respiratory tract
    • Goblet cells produce mucus trapping debrie
    • coughing-expel objects
  26. List 2 ways we control breathing and where are they located
    • Nervous-medulla oblongata in the brain
    • Chemical-reaction with in the body
  27. External Respiration, where does it occur?
    Exchanges of gases between the lung alveoli and the blood capillaries
  28. Internal respiration, where does it occur?
    Exchange of gases between the blood in the capillaries outside of the lungs and tissue fluid
  29. Why does alcholo make you have to pee?
    It's inhibits ADH secrtion and increases the amount of urin and dehydration
  30. Why does caffeine make you have to pee?
    Is a diuretic increaes filtration rate and decreases tubular reabsorption
  31. List 4 functions of the nose
    • Stiff hairs act as filters
    • Mucus (traps pathogens)
    • Odor receptors
    • Capillaries (warm air)

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