What are the four basic performance types of listening?
1. Intensive. Listening for perception of components (phonemes, words, intonation, discourse markers, etc.) of larger stretch of language
2. Responsive. Listening to relatively short stretch of language (a greeting, question, command, etc.) in order to make short response
3. Selective. Processing stretches of discourse such as short monologues for several minutes in order to “scan” for information; ask Ss to listen for specific information (i.e. names, numbers, or grammatical categories)
4. Extensive. Listening to develop top-down, global understanding of spoken language. Extensive performance ranges from listening to lengthy performance to conversation; listening for gist, for main idea, and making inferences are all part of extensive listening