Psyc Exam 3 Abnormal ch 9 Substance disorders

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jax12
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Psyc Exam 3 Abnormal ch 9 Substance disorders
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2010-12-02 01:45:52
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Psyc Subst Exam
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Psyc ch 9 Subst. Exam 3
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  1. substance use
    low to moderate substance use that doesn't produce problems with social, edu, occupational functioning
  2. substance intoxication
    acute effects of substance use
  3. substance abuse
    ingestion of a substance that leads to disruption in social, edu, or occupational functioning
  4. substance dependence
    a condition with 2 factors, tolerance and withdrawal
  5. tolerance
    diminished response to a drug after repeated exposure to it
  6. withdrawal
    symptoms associated with dependence on a drug that occur when the drug isn't taken
  7. caffeine
    a CNS stimulant that boosts energy, mood, awareness, concentration, and wakefulness
  8. nicotine
    • a highly addictive component of tobacco
    • both a stimulant and a sedative
  9. delerium tremens
    • disorientation, severe agitation, high blood pressure, fever
    • can last up to 3 to 4 days after stopping drinking
  10. alcohol cirrhosis
    liver disease that occurs in about 10 to 15% of people with alcoholism
  11. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
    caused by deficiences in thaimine secondary to alchol dependence
  12. fetal alcohol syndrome
    when pregnant mothers drink alcohol and it passes through the placenta and harms the fetus
  13. marijuana
    drug from the Cannabis sativa plant that produces mild intoxication
  14. tetrahydrocannabinol
    active ingredient in marijuana
  15. amphetamines
    stimulant drugs that prolong wakefulness and suppress appetite
  16. ecstasy
    • pill form of MDMA
    • common club drug
    • frequent trigger for emergency room visits
  17. crystal methaphetamine
    form of meth that produces longer lasting and more intense physiological reactions than the powdered form
  18. cocaine
    stimulant that comes from the leaves of the coca plant, from South America
  19. sedative drugs
    • barbiturates and benzodiazepines
    • CNS depressants and cause sedation and decreased anxiety
  20. barbiturates
    sedatives that acts on the GABA system in a manner similar to alcohol
  21. benzodiazepines
    sedatives that can be used responsibly and effectively for the shortterm but still have addictive properties
  22. opioids
    • drugs derived from the opium poppy
    • heroin, morphine, codeine
  23. hallucinogens
    • drugs that produce altered states of bodily perception and sensations,
    • intense emotions,
    • detachment from self and envoronment,
    • and sometimes feeling of insight with mystical or religious significance
  24. d-lysergic acid diethylamide
    • LSD
    • synthetic hallucinogen
    • first synthesized in 1938
  25. inhalants
    • vapors from a variety of chemicals
    • yield an immediate effect of euphoria or sedation
    • can cause permanent damage to all organ system including the brain
  26. relapse prevention
    functional analysis that identifies the antecedents and consequences of drug use and then develops alternative cognitive and behavioral skills to reduce the risk of future drug use
  27. abstinence violation effect
    • core of relapse prevention
    • focuses on a person's cognitive and affective responses to re-engaging in a prohibted behavior
  28. trnstheoretical model
    five-stage sequential model of behavioral change
  29. aversion therapy
    treatment approach in which drug or alcohol use is paired repeatedly with an aversive stimulus or images
  30. contingency management approach
    treatment approach where rewards are provided for treatment compliance
  31. detoxification
    medically supervised drug withdrawal
  32. agonist substitution
    therapy that substitutes a chemically similar medication for the drug of abuse
  33. methadone
    • most widely knon agonist substitute
    • used as a replacement for heroin
  34. nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)
    safe and effective therapy used as part of a comprehensive smoking cessation program
  35. antabuse
    aversive medication that pairs the ingestion of a drug with a noxious physical reaction

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