Euro CH 7

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letsgetsuedplease@yahoo.com
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45814
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Euro CH 7
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2010-10-28 22:38:31
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European history ch7 review
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European history ch7 review 10/28/10
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  1. chief executives elected for one year terns
    consuls
  2. elected official who could veto certain bills
    tribune
  3. type of government where the citizens elect represantatives in the government
    republic
  4. controlled the armies; assisted the court system
    Praetors
  5. elected every 5 years for 18 months
    censors
  6. powerful aristocratic class that organized into clans to hold power in government
    Patriarchs
  7. commmoner; any citizen that wasnt a patriarch in the Roman republic
    Plebians
  8. most important unit in Roman army
    legion
  9. roman military group of non-citizens that weren't as important
    auxilla
  10. father of the family.
    had absolute authority.
    Paterfamilias
  11. roman religious leader elected for life
    Pontifex Maximus
  12. money paid for the damages caused by war to the winner
    indemnity
  13. group of wars between Rome and Carthage beginning in 264 B.C.
    Punic Wars
  14. Carthaginian ruler that attacked Rome during the Punic Wars
    1 of the greatest generals of all time
    Hannibal
  15. Roman general who defeated Hannibal and his army
    Scipio
  16. officials who worked with the censors. (CORRUPT)
    Publicans
  17. large roman estates
    latifundia
  18. class of roman business and landowning people who had great wealth
    Equites
  19. slave revolt leader
    Spartacus
  20. -elected tribune in 133 BC
    - popular amongst the people
    - killed by the senators
    Tiberius Gracchus
  21. -elected tribune in 123 BC
    -worked for the poor
    -bought grain with public funding
    Gaius Cracchus
  22. -military hero that was also elected consul
    -revotulionized the roman army
    Gaius Marius
  23. -elected to consulship in 88 BC
    -invades rome and becomes dictator
    Lucius Cornelius Sulla
  24. -marius's nephew
    -military leader in spain and gaul
    -part of the 1st trimuvirate
    Julius Caesar
  25. three leaders joined power in 60 BC
    The first triumvirate
  26. Who did the first triumvirate consist of?
    • Julius Caesar
    • Gaius Pompey
    • lichnius Crassus
  27. Caesar's chosen heir/his 18 year old nephew
    Took part in the 2nd Triumvirate
    Octavian
  28. -General and Caesar's ally
    -held a lot of power in Rome
    Marc Anthony
  29. Caesar's second in command
    Lepidus
  30. What did Ocatavian call himself that meant first citizen?
    princeps
  31. Who is the first Augustus?
    octavian
  32. -emperor during the Julio-Claudian era
    -adopted son of Augustus
    -decent unliked ruler
    Tiberius
  33. -Julio-CLaudian emperor
    - brutal and insane
    -murdered by military
    Caligula
  34. -poisoned by his wife Agrippina
    -decent ruler
    Claudius
  35. -fire in Rome
    -known for being brutal
    -commits suicide in 68
    Nero
  36. the first of the five good emperors
    Emperor Nerva
  37. -2nd good emperor
    -Spanish guy that brings empire to its largest size
    Trajan
  38. -supports the arts
    -"good emperor"
    -romanizes and builds fortifications
    Hadrian
  39. -last of the good emperors
    -protects against invasion
    -last emperor during the Pax Romana
    Marcus Aurelius
  40. Pax Romana
    extended period of Roman peace
  41. bridge-like structures that carried water from the mountains
    Aqueducts
  42. Roman law, written in the ____________, was modified during the Pax Romana
    Twelve Tables
  43. How many years did soldiers have to serve for to gain citizenship?
    20
  44. tenant farmers that began to replace slaves on large estates
    colonus
  45. chariot racing place
    The Circus Maximus
  46. greatest authority on medicine
    Galen
  47. earth is the center of the universe
    Ptolemy
  48. -Rome's greatest poet
    -wrote the Aeneid, Horace, Ovid
    Virgil
  49. -wrote
    - Annals
    - Germania
    Tacitus
  50. What were the Annals?
    a history of the empire
  51. -wrote parallel lives
    -compared Roman and Greek figures
    Plutarch
  52. nothing to back up currency
    Inflation
  53. workers trade association
    collegia
  54. Marcus Auerilis's son; rules to 193 AD and is strangled to death
    Commodus
  55. -soldier that becomes emperor in 284
    -has supreme authority and limited culture but improved Rome during prior to its collapse
    Diocletian
  56. another good emperor after Diocletian that protects Christians
    Constantine
  57. The last emperor to rule a unified Roman empire
    Theodosius
  58. German tribe north of the black sea
    Ostrogoths
  59. German tribe north of the Danube River that entered Rome peacefully and then revolted b/c of unfair treatment
    Visigoths
  60. viscous barbarian tribe that scared the Europeans
    Huns
  61. -king of the Visigoths
    -captured Rome in 40
    Alaric
  62. barbarians that invaded the west and destroyed everything
    Vandals
  63. The last western emperor
    Romulus Austulus
  64. In what year does the Western empire collapse?
    476

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