Card Set Information
What is a CBC used to screen for?
Macrocytic vs microcytic.
What is the name of the 'good' cholesterol?
: juvenile, or beta cells of pancreas cannot make insulin.
: 90% of diabetics... makes more insulin than they know what to do with.
Has nothing to do with the kidneys
... due to ADH (vasopressin) deficiency from the posterior pituitary.
Patient is excessively thirsty = diluted urine.
Will ketones or GLU be present in the urine of a patients with diabetes insipidus?
What is the most common color change to urine?
Red/brown, due to menses.
Orangishe/reddish or orangeish/brownish urine is associated with which disease?
Yellow/brown or green/brown urine indicates a disruption of what?
Bile pigments, mainly bilirubin.
When shaken, specimen exhibits yellow foam.
Dip sticks TQ:
Dip for 30 sec, wait for 30 sec, read within 1 min.
What is normal specific gravity?
Normal urine volume:
600 - 2,000 mL/day.
What is the most common cause of decreased urine production?
Dehydration (or vomiting, sweating).
Anuria leads to death within 2 days due to the presence of what substance?
Lack of ADH from the posterior pituitary.
Inability to concentrate urine.
True or false: protein is normally found in urine.
Protein in urine is bad, mm kay?
Which form of strep is ok to find in urine?
Group B Strep
: keeps yeast (fungi) under control.
What is the product of AA metabolism?
Ketones from fatty acid metabolism.
Causes blood vessels to constrict.
From juxtaglomular cells in the kidney.
Increases BP = strong vasoconstrictor.
What is the role of aldosterone in the RAAS system?
Sodium reabsorption (Na & H2O retention).
Why should RBC's & proteins NOT be found in urine?
Because the kidneys do not filter RBC's & proteins.
: influences water loss.
Released from the posterior pituitary.
Made in the hypothalamus.
Many epithelial cells in samples with kidneys stones...
What are the 3 types of normal
found in urine?
(dissolved solids normally found in urine).
Nitrogenous waste products
: urea, uric acid, creatinine.
: sodium chloride, sulfates, phosphates.
: from bile compounds & food.
: Gout is in the joint space, affecting big toe. Patient is overweight, & ate a meat pie with a bunch of beer.
: high uric acid.
: low uric acid.
Name the 6 abnormal constituents found in urine:
Case study: sore throat, goes away, blood in pee 2 weeks later...
Most common kidney disease.
Strep goes down & punches holes in the kidneys, may also go to mitral valve.