Chapter 4_Principles of infection control.txt

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Author:
alexmorataya
ID:
46006
Filename:
Chapter 4_Principles of infection control.txt
Updated:
2010-10-29 22:16:28
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Respiratory
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Description:
Terminology
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  1. Tending to inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms
    Antiseptics
  2. Destructive to Bacteria
    Bactericidal
  3. Tending to restrain bacteria growth
    Bacteriostatic
  4. Collection or sampling of individuals who share a common characteristic, as members of the same age or same sex, or those sharing a common infection
    Cohorting
  5. Safeguards designed to reduce the risk of transmission of epidemiologically important microorganisms by direct or indirect contact
    Contact Precautions
  6. Process of destroying at least the vegetative phase of pathogenic microorganisms by physical or chemical means
    disinfection
  7. Residue of evaporated water droplets; due to their small size (.5 to 12 mm) droplet nuclei can remain suspended in the air for long periods of time
    droplet nuclei
  8. safeguards designed to reduce the risk of droplet transmission of infectious agents
    droplet precaution
  9. non living materials, such as bed linens or equipment, which may transmit pathogenic organisms to a person who comes into contact with the object
    Fomiles
  10. Infections that patients acquire during the course of receiving medical treatment
    • Health care-associated infections
    • (HAI's)
  11. Committee that sets guidelines for infectious control practices in various health care settings
    • Health Care Infection Control Practice Advisory Committee
    • (HICPAC)
  12. A filter with an efficiency rate of 99.97% used on various respiratory equipment such as ventilators, that prevent the spread of infection
    • High-Efficiency Particulate Air/Aerosol filters
    • (HEPA)
  13. immunodeficient patient highly susceptible to infection
    Immunocompromised host
  14. Infection acquired after hospitalization
    Nosocamical Infections
  15. A branch of the US department of labor responsible for regulation pertaining to on-the-job safety
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    • (OSHA)
  16. The strategy of preventing transmission of respiratory infections at the first point of contact within a health care setting such as physicians' offices
    Respiratory Hygiene/ Cough Etiquette
  17. Destructive to the spore of bacteria
    Sporicidal
  18. Guidelines recommended by the centers for disease control and prevention to reduce the risk of transmission of blood-borne and other pathogens in hospitals. Standard precautions apply to (1) blood (2) all body fluids, secretions, excretions, excluding sweat, regardless of whether they contain blood (3) non-intact skin (4) mucous membranes
    Standard precautions
  19. Complete destruction of all microorganisms, usually by heat/ chemical means
    sterilization
  20. (bacteriologic) ongoing process designed to ensure that infection control procedures are working, generally involves equipment, microbiology identification, and epidemiological investigation
    Surveillance
  21. An agent that destroys or inactivates viruses
    Virucidal
  22. Another name for a fast-acting, inexpensive, broad-spectrum disinfectant known as bleach
    Sodium hypochlorite
  23. Most common, efficient and easiest form of sterilization method that uses moist heat in the form of steam under pressure
    Steam sterilization
  24. variety of barriers and respirators used alone or in a combination to protect mucous membranes, skin and clothing from contact with infectious agents
    personal protective equipment
  25. Isolation techniques intended to reduce the risk of selected infectious agents transmitted by "small droplets" of aerosol particles
    Airborne Isolation
  26. Precautions applied to the care of all patients in all health care settings
    Standard precautions
  27. This is for patients who are known or suspected to be infected with pathogens that require additional control measure to prevent transmission
    Extended Precautions
  28. An acceptable practice for processing cleaned patient care items that cannot be packaged, sterilized, and stored before use which is done by a process of modification of conventional steam sterilization
    Flash Sterilization

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